Critical Conditions we Treat in Newborns

Ambiguous Genitalia

When a newborn infant's genitals are not clearly male or female, the infant is said to have ambiguous genitalia. The baby genitals may have external features of both sexes and/or the sex organs may not match his/her internal sex organs or their genetic sex. Learn more


Anencephaly is a birth defect that affects the developing brain and skull bones of newborn babies. Learn more

Arterial Ischemic Stroke

An ischemic stroke occurs when an artery supplying the brain is damaged, ruptures or is blocked, causing the flow of blood to be interrupted from reaching the brain. Strokes can occur at all ages. Learn more

Congenital Growth and Development Defects

Congenital growth and developmental defects is the broad general term used to describe defects that occur as the fetus is growing within its mother’s womb. Learn more

Congenital Hepatitis B

Congenital hepatitis B is a viral infection of a baby’s liver which occurs when a pregnant women infected with HBV passes the virus onto her unborn infant. Learn more

Congenital Herpes Simplex

It is the condition caused by the Herpes simplex virus. It is the virus that can be transmitted sexually or by direct skin contact and causes genital sores and other symptoms in adults. Learn more

Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome

If a fetus’s upper airway (windpipe -”trachea” or voice box- “larynx”) becomes blocked during intrauterine development, the problem is called congenital high airway obstruction syndrome, or CHAOS. Learn more

Congenital HIV

HIV is a potentially dangerous viral infection that can ultimately lead to AIDS if left untreated. When the virus is passed to an unborn fetus by the mother, this is known as congenital HIV. Learn more


Encephalitis is a rare inflammation of the brain, which has a number of causes. Learn more

Erb's Palsy

Erb’s palsy is a form of brachial nerve palsy that occurs in newborn babies which is characterized by weakness, loss of feeling and difficulty moving the affected arm. Learn more

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal Alcohol spectrum are a group of birth defects that occur when a woman drinks alcohol while pregnant. Learn more


In this very rare heart abnormality, the main pulmonary artery and one branch, typically the left, are found in the correct position, however the right one comes out of the ascending aorta. Learn more

Hemolytic Disease

Hemolytic disease of the newborn is a condition that occurs when a mother’s blood type is not compatible with her unborn fetus. Learn more

Hydrops Fetalis

Hydrops fetalis is a severe, life-threatening problem in fetuses and/or newborns. It causes massive swelling due to an abnormal collection of fluid in at least two different organ spaces (like the skin, abdomen, around the heart and/or lungs). Learn more

Intraventricular Hemorrhage

IVH of the newborn is bleeding into the fluid filled cavities of the baby’s brain. Learn more


Micropenis is the medical term for a smaller than a normally formed penis (1.1 to 1.6 inches in the newborn baby). Learn more

Mixed Gonadal Dysgenesis

Mixed gonadal dysgenesis is a sex developmental disorder where the gonads are abnormal from there being some cells with XY chromosomes and some with just a single X (chromosome Y mosaicism). Learn more

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstructions

Tears normally drain from the eye through small openings in the corners of the eyelids, entering the nose through the nasolacrimal duct (tear duct). When the tear ducts are blocked it’s known as nasolacrimal duct (or tear duct) obstruction. Learn more

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

NAS is a group of problems that occur after delivery when a baby has been exposed during intrauterine life to illicit addictive drugs taken by his/her mother. Learn more

Neonatal Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Neonatal hepatitis is a liver inflammation that occurs in early infancy; frequently between 1-2 months of age from, and in 20% of infants from a virus that infects the liver, passed during pregnancy (or soon after) from mother to baby. Learn more

Periventricular Leukomalacia

Periventricular leukomalacia is a brain disorder occurring in prematurely born babies which is characterized by brain damage with softening and death of the inner part of the brain. Learn more

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

SIDS (sometimes called crib or cot death) is the term used to describe the unpredictable sudden death of a normal infant < 1 year of age (usually between 1 month and 1 year), which remains unexplained after all causes of death have been ruled out. Most of these infants die aged < 6 months. Learn more


TORCH (or TORCH syndrome) is the short term used to describe a group of diseases that are passed from mother to baby during pregnancy (congenital). The “letters” stand for Toxoplasmosis, Other (such as syphilis, mumps, HIV, parvovirus, chickenpox virus and other viruses), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes simplex. Learn more

Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

Transient tachypnea of the newborn is a self-limiting, temporary breathing problem that occurs in full term (and near full term premature) newborn babies starting shortly after birth and lasting up to 3 days. Learn more