A retrospective review over a ten year period of 426 children (median age 1.5 years) admitted to a pediatric Intensive Care Unit who underwent a tracheostomy for a variety of reasons indicates:
- 23% die (75th percentile survival time 5.9 years).
- Patients undergoing tracheotomy for airway obstruction are least likely to die (vs. those with acquired neurologic disease who are most likely to die).
- 50% are de-cannulated at 1-2 years.
- 62% remain cannulated with children with congenital neurologic disease least likely to be decannulated.
- >50% of tracheotomy patients are discharged with a tracheotomy in place on some form of mechanical support.
Published on: 03/06/2017