Otolaryngology (ENT) Conditions we Treat

Ear, nose, throat, head and neck problems are a common occurrence in children of all ages. Our highly-skilled and experienced surgeons not only treat the typical or recurring pediatric otolaryngology problems, they also evaluate and treat facial trauma, provide assistance in overcoming the numerous otolaryngologic manifestations of cystic fibrosis, evaluate and treat head and neck tumors and evaluate and treat complex airway problems.

Airway Obstruction

The airway of the respiratory tract are the tubes that allow the passage of air from your mouth and nose to pass to the lungs with breathing. Learn more

Ankyloglossia

Ankyloglossia is called tongue-tie because it limits the use of the tongue. It may lead to problems with speech or eating. Learn more

Aphthous Stomatitis

Aphthous (from the Greek word meaning ulcer) stomatitis is a common illness that causes small painful ulcers in the mouth, hard palate, inner cheek, lips or tongue. Learn more

Auditory Neuropathy

Auditory neuropathy is a hearing disorder in which sound enters the inner ear normally but the transmission of signals from the inner ear to the brain is impaired. Learn more

Benign and malignant head and neck tumors

Head and neck growths, tumors or masses in children are usually benign (non-cancerous), but can be malignant (a cancer which spreads). Learn more

Branchial Cleft Remnant

Branchial cleft remnants are visible birth defects that can occur on the neck. They appear in the form of sinuses or cysts and are problems with the connective tissue that form the structure of the neck. Learn more

Bronchoesophagology

Please see Airway Obstruction for further information.

Cerumen Impaction

Cerumen impaction is a condition in which ear wax within the ear canal becomes impacted. Learn more

Cervical Teratoma

When a baby is born with a large mass or tumor on his or her neck, this is known as a cervical teratoma. These are often benign, or non-cancerous, but they can cause other complications. If they occur in adults, they are often cancerous. Learn more

Choanal Atresia

Choanal atresia occurs when a newborn’s nasal passage is blocked at the junction between the back of the nose and the throat. Learn more

Cholesteatoma

If an unusual growth of skin is present in the middle ear, right behind the eardrum, this is often known as a cholesteatoma. Learn more

Chondrosarcoma

Chondrosarcoma is a form of cancer that can develop in the bones and soft tissues of the body, usually in people over 20 years of age. Mostly they begin in the cells in the joints that produce cartilage. Learn more

Cleft Lip and/or Palate

A cleft lip and/or palate is characterized by the presence of a gap (split) in the lip and/or palate seen at birth when the tissues of the lip and/or palate don't come together at all, or come together only part of the way. Learn more

Complete Tracheal Rings

The trachea is the windpipe, and trachea rings are rings of cartilage that enhance the structure of the trachea and prevent it from collapsing. Normally, tracheal rings are C-shaped. But complete tracheal rings have an O-shape that can lead to complications. Learn more

Congenital Anomalies of the Esophagus and Trachea

Congenital anomalies of the esophagus and trachea are problems with either the esophagus or the trachea (the windpipe) that are present at birth. There are several different kinds that vary in nature and severity. Learn more

Congenital Disorders of the Ear

Any problem with the development of ear that occurs while the fetus is still in the uterus is known as a congenital disorder of the ear. Learn more

Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome

Learn more

Congenital Neck Masses

Any swollen area of lump (cyst) located on the neck can be classified as a congenital neck mass. They can be large and physically disturbing, or barely noticeable to the naked eye. Learn more

Craniofacial Abnormalities

Craniofacial is a broad medical term that describes abnormalities of the bones of the skull and face. Learn more

Deviated Septum

The nostrils and two nasal passages within the nose are separated by a thin wall called the nasal septum. When this septum is out of place, it can make one nasal passage smaller and cause nasal congestion with difficulty breathing. This is known as deviated septum. Learn more

Ear Infection

An ear infection is an inflammation of the middle ear (the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the little bones that transmit the sound vibrations from the eardrum). Learn more

Epiglottitis

The epiglottis is a small flap of tissue that covers the windpipe and directs food to the esophagus. When the epiglottis swells and prevents air from flowing into the lungs, this is known as epiglottitis. It can be life threatening. Learn more

Hearing Loss and Impairment

Any condition that reduces a child’s ability to hear sounds with their ears is known as hearing loss or hearing impairment. Learn more

Herpangina

Herpangina is a painful, contagious viral infection commonly occurring in children 3-10 years of age during the summer and fall months, which presents with blisters or ulcers on the roof of the mouth or back of the throat. Learn more

Laryngeal Cleft

When the body develops normally, the larynx (voice box) sits above the trachea (windpipe), right next to the esophagus. If a laryngeal cleft is present, there’s a gap between the larynx and esophagus that can allow food or liquids to enter the trachea. Learn more

Laryngeal Papilloma

Laryngeal papilloma is a disease that leads to wart-like growths on the larynx, or voice box. These are non-cancerous, but they can grow quickly and tend to recur even after being removed. Learn more

Laryngomalacia

The larynx, or voice box, ordinarily sits above the trachea, which is the windpipe that leads to the lungs. When the tissue of the larynx is soft and covers the opening of the trachea, this is known as laryngomalacia. Learn more

Mastoiditis

The mastoid is the portion of the bony skull that is located behind the ear. The mastoid bone is quite porous and can be prone to infection. When an infection spreads to the mastoid bone it is call mastoiditis. Learn more

Nasal Congestion

Nasal obstruction or congestion simply refers to the inability to breathe properly through the nose. It’s a broad term that can refer to everything from the typical stuffy nose that accompanies a cold or flu, to a structure problem that obstruct the nose, such as a deviated septum. Learn more

Neck Lymphadenopathy

Lymph nodes are a vital part of the body when it comes to fighting off infections. Many lymph nodes are present in the neck. When these neck lymph nodes become swollen, this might be due to neck lymphadenopathy. Learn more

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Noise-induced hearing loss is a type of hearing impairment that is caused by exposure to loud noise. In some cases, a single loud noise exposure can cause noise-induced hearing loss. In other instances, prolonged or multiple exposures to less loud noise can result in noise-induced hearing loss. Learn more

Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds (epistaxis) are a common problem in children (frequently between the ages of 2-10 years; rare in infants) and while causing parental anxiety are usually not serious. If a child has recurrent nosebleeds or they are difficult to stop, he/she should be examined/investigated by a pediatric ENT physician. Nosebleeds can occur for a variety of reasons and range in severity. Learn more

Orbital Cellulitis

Orbital cellulitis is a major infection of the soft tissues behind the eye which may involve the cheeks, eyebrows, eyelids and muscles. Learn more

Otitis Media

When the space behind the eardrum or middle ear (where the tiny bones pick up the vibrations of speech and relay them onto the inner ear for transmission to the brain for interpretation), gets infected, it’s known as otitis media. Learn more

Otosclerosis

Otosclerosis is a disease that causes these bones to fuse together in a hardened mass that hampers good hearing. Learn more

Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis

Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections of the throat region. In general, pharyngitis refers to an infection of the throat, whereas tonsillitis refers to an infection specifically of the tonsils. If both the throat and the tonsils are infected, it is called pharyngotonsillitis. Learn more

Preauricular Pits

A preauricular pit is a small hole and tract/cyst under the skin of the face just in front of the ear. Learn more

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Cilia are hair-like structures in the airways that work together to keep the airways clean of dust, debris and foreign contaminants. In primary ciliary dyskinesia, the cilia are irregularly shaped and don’t function properly, which can lead to a number of complications. Learn more

Pyriform Aperture Stenosis

Pyriform aperture stenosis is a birth defect that affects the face and nose. The common presentation is a narrow nasal opening due to the upper jaw bone being larger than normal. Learn more

Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis

Please see Laryngeal Papilloma for further information.

Saccular Cysts

The larynx is another term for the voice box in the throat. The saccule is a portion of the larynx that produces mucus to lubricate it. When cysts form in the saccule, they are known as saccular cysts. Learn more

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is one of many types of hearing loss. It occurs due to damage to the inner ear (cochlea), or the nerves that connect the inner ear to the brain. Learn more

Sinus Disease

Sinus disease refers to any number of medical conditions that impact the sinuses. The sinuses are cavities in the skull that usually trap germs and prevent them from infecting the body. Learn more

Sinusitis

Sinuses are air-filled cavities. There are four located in the skull; behind the cheeks of the face (maxillary; present at birth), around the bridge of the nose (ethmoid; present at birth), forehead (frontal; develops around 7 years of age), and deep in the face behind the nose (sphenoid; develops during adolescence). When these cavities become infected, the condition is known as sinusitis. Learn more

Sternocleidomastoid Tumor of Infancy

The sternocleidomastoid is a neck muscle which joins the base of the skull to the collar bone. A sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy is a rare, benign neck mass/lump that appears around the second and eighth week after birth, more often in boys, and often causing the baby’s head to be tilted to one side and be rotated to the other. Learn more

Strep Throat

group A streptococcal infection. Learn more

Subglottic Cysts

Subglottic cysts are growths that occur in the subglottis, which is the lower part of the larynx (voice box). They cause airway obstruction and other complications. Learn more

Subglottic Hemangiomas

Hemangiomas are an abnormal growth formed of a cluster of small blood vessels, such as capillaries. Learn more

Subglottic Stenosis

The subglottis is the lower portion of the larynx (voice box), below the vocal cords. When the airway narrows at this point, this is known as subglottic stenosis. Learn more

Sudden Deafness

When a person’s hearing becomes reduced by 30 decibels or more over the course of 72 hours or less, the condition is known as sudden deafness. Learn more

Swimmer's Ear

Swimmer’s ear gets its name from the infection that can occur due to water that remains in the ear after swimming. But it can also occur by damaging the lining of the ear canal with cotton swabs, fingers or other objects. The infection can cause a number of concerning symptoms. Learn more

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The temporomandibular joint is the area where the lower jaw connects to the base of the skull. It’s surrounded by muscles and ligaments all of which have to work well together. Any condition that impacts any part of the system can cause a problem with the temporomandibular joint. Learn more

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

A thyroglossal duct cyst is a mass that forms in the neck, most often in children. It’s formed from leftover tissues that remain in the body after the thyroid gland forms in the fetus. Learn more

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, which are a pair of oval-shaped pads that rest at the back of the throat. Tonsillitis can cause a number of problematic symptoms and tends to recur in many people. Learn more

Tracheal Stenosis

The trachea is another name for the windpipe that delivers air to and from the lungs. When the trachea becomes narrow and negatively impacts breathing, this is known as tracheal stenosis. Learn more

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

The trachea (windpipe) to the lungs and the esophagus to the stomach are tubes that are normally close to one another but not connected. When tracheoesophageal fistula is present, the two tubes are connected in one or more places, and openings between them can cause problems. Learn more

Tracheomalacia

When the walls of the trachea (windpipe) are weak or floppy, the result is tracheomalacia. This causes the windpipe to actually collapse as the person is breathing and make it difficult to draw a breath. Learn more

Vallecular Cysts

Vallecular cysts are pockets of infection that develop at the base of the tongue. They are often present at birth but tend to grow worse over time. Learn more

Vascular Malformation in Children

Velopharyngeal Dysfunction

The roof of the mouth, side walls of the throat and back wall of the throat together make up a bodily structure known as the velopharyngeal valve that is important for speech. When something goes wrong with this part of the body, it is known as velopharyngeal dysfunction. Learn more

Vocal Cord Cysts

Vocal cord cysts are masses of tissue surrounded by a membrane, or sac. They typically occur in the vocal cord due to injury from overuse and can cause problems with speaking. Learn more

Vocal Cord Nodules

Vocal cord nodules are calluses of the vocal cords. They typically occur from overuse or misuse of the voice. They can cause problems with voice quality. Learn more

Vocal Cord Paralysis

The vocal cords not only produce sound, they also keep the windpipe free of food and liquid. When the vocal cords stop moving due to problems with nerve impulses, it causes problems with all these vocal cord functions and is known as vocal cord paralysis. Learn more

Vocal Cord Polyps

Vocal cord polyps are lesions that affect the vocal cords. They typically occur in the vocal cord due to injury from overuse and can cause problems with speaking. Learn more

Voice Disorders

Voice is the sound produced by the thin membranes in the voice box (larynx) vibrating as air passes over them during breathing; modified by movement of the lips, tongue, jaw and palate to produce speech. Voice disorders are a broad category of medical conditions (congenital and acquired; acute or chronic) that affect the loudness, pitch, quality or resonance of the voice. Learn more