Also known as: botulinum toxin A, botulinum toxin.
What are Botox/Dysport injections?
A Botox or Dysport injection is an injection of botulinum toxin (which causes temporary paralysis) into a muscle to relieve spasticity and involuntary movements.
What happens during the procedure?
A local anesthetic (in cream form) is applied to the skin 1-2 hours before the procedure which allows for painless small needle insertion. Sedation is usually not required. The botulinum toxin is injected into the muscle which only takes a few minutes. After a short observation period your child will be able to go back to normal activities.
Is any special preparation needed?
No special preparations are usually required. Your specialist pediatrician will discuss any special circumstances related to your child.
What are the risk factors?
Injections are usually tolerated without significant side effects. There may be spots of blood at the injections sites and sometimes the muscle weakness may be more than expected. Serious side effects are rare, but the botulinum toxin can spread to other parts of the body causing other muscles to weaken. This can result in hoarseness, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing, blurred vision and others difficulties.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: September 21, 2020 01:58 PM
Weekly Support Programs
This program is provided by a certified yoga instructor. It offers children and teens the following benefits: managing stress through breathing, self-awareness, healthy movement and meditation. Yoga also promotes strength, flexibility, coordination and body awareness.
Learn more about
Leg & Foot Spasticity
Spasticity of the lower extremity ranges from mild to very disabling. The affected muscles may be over-active and cause joint contractures (stiff joints).
Spasticity and Contractures
Spasticity and contractures are conditions in which muscle imbalance across a joint leads to abnormal positioning and tightness. Spasticity refers to involuntary tightening or stiffening of muscles. The term contracture refers to abnormal positioning of a joint.
Gastroparesis occurs if the muscles and/or nerves of the stomach do not move food properly, causing the stomach to take too long to empty.
Chronic migraine describes headache which is occurring on 15 or more days per month, of which at least 8 of the headache days have features of migraine, for at least 3 months.