Also known as: RMS, childhood rhabdomyosarcoma, sarcoma
What is rhabdomyosarcoma?
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of soft tissue cancer that can affect any of the skeletal muscles, or voluntary muscles (the muscles that one can control), of the body occurring in boys more often than girls (mostly younger than 15 years of age).
Several microscopic groups exist which have importance in how the sarcoma responds to treatment.
What causes rhabdomyosarcoma?
Certain chromosomal/genetic changes seem to lead to the development of rhabdomyosarcoma, but researchers aren’t exactly sure why these mutations occur.
What are the symptoms of rhabdomyosarcoma?
The symptoms of rhabdomyosarcoma vary widely depending on its size and where it occurs, in the body. As the tumor grows, it can put pressure on surrounding body parts and lead to swelling, pain, bulging eyes, sinus pressure and other symptoms.
What are rhabdomyosarcoma care options?
Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: January 14, 2021 10:36 AM
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Sarcomas are rare kinds of cancers that affect the body’s soft tissues. They are given different names depending on the type of cell or tissue involved including muscles, tendons, bone, fat, etc.
If an abnormal tissue grows in the heart it is known as a primary cardiac tumor.
Chemotherapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It refers to drugs that are often used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from coming back.
Radiation therapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It refers to exposing the body to beams of radiation that are used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from coming back.