Conditions we Treat

The Sarcoma and Solid Tumor Program at Nicklaus Children's Hospital offers treatment for a broad range of tumors, including:

Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma

ASPS is a very rare cancer that grows slowly from the connective tissue that usually occurs in children and young adults. Learn more

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

When a blood-filled growth occurs in the bones of the arms, legs, skull, trunk or spine, then it might be an aneurysmal bone cyst. Learn more

Benign and malignant head and neck tumors

Head and neck growths, tumors or masses in children are usually non-cancerous, but can spread to other parts of the body. Learn more

Chondroblastoma

Chondroblastoma is a rare type of cartilage-producing benign tumor in children that often occurs in the ends of the long bones of the arms and legs. Learn more

Chondromas

A tumor that forms on or in the bones might be an chondroma. Learn more

Chondromyxoid Fibroma

Chondromyxoid fibroma is a benign tumor, which means it doesn’t lead to cancer. The tumor is made from cartilage and occurs near the ends of bones. Learn more

Chondrosarcoma

Chondrosarcoma is a form of cancer that can develop in the bones and soft tissues of the body, usually in people over 20 years of age. Mostly they begin in the cells in the joints that produce cartilage. Learn more

Desmoid Tumor

A desmoid tumor is an ucommon tumor that frequently arises in muscles, it can also come from tissues, tendons, and ligaments. Learn more

Enchondroma

Enchondromas are usually non-cancerous cartilage tumors that are found in the marrow of a bone. Learn more

Ewing sarcoma

Ewing sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that usually develops in the bones or soft tissue around the bones (cartilage/nerves) of children 10-20 years of age. Learn more

Fibrosarcoma

Fibrosarcoma is a rare form of soft tissue cancer that occurs in infants and children 10-15 years of age, that starts in the fibrous tissue of the body but most commonly in the tendons at the ends of the limbs. Learn more

Giant Cell Tumor

A giant cell tumor is a non-cancerous tumor (benign) that grows at the ends of the body’s long bones. Learn more

Hepatoblastoma

A hepatoblastoma is a rare tumor that grows from the cells of the liver. Learn more

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease of children in which a certain immature normal white blood type grows uncontrollably. Learn more

Leiomyosarcoma

Leiomyosarcoma is a very rare type of soft tissue cancer that affects the smooth muscles of the body. Learn more

Liposarcoma

Liposarcoma is a cancer of fat cells. It can occur anywhere in the body, but is commonly found in the abdomen, thigh or shoulder area. Learn more

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare form of cancer in children known as a soft tissue sarcoma. These are tumors that affect muscle, bone or cartilage, or tissues that support/connect other organs. Learn more

Melanoma

Melanocytes are the cells in the body’s skin that produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. When cancer develops in the melanocytes, it is known as melanoma. Learn more

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 and 2

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is a disease that affects several glands throughout the body, including the thyroid, parathyroid and pituitary gland. It causes tumors in these glands and also imbalances in the hormones that the glands produce. The pancreas and small intestine are also impacted by the disease. Learn more

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a form of cancer that primarily affects children. Among infants, it ranks as the most common form of cancer. It usually occurs in the adrenal glands above the kidneys, but can also start anyway along the nerves in the back. Learn more

Neurofibrosarcoma

Neurofibrosarcoma is a rare type of malignant cancer in children that develops in the cells of the sheath of the arms and legs, spreading along the nerves. Learn more

Non-Ossifying Fibroma

A Non-Ossifying Fibroma (NOF) is a common, benign fibrous tissue (like a scar) tumor in boys and girls that is usually found in the thigh (femur) or shin (tibia) bones (but can occur in other bones). Learn more

Osteochondroma

An osteochondroma is a common non-cancerous tumor of bone that typically grows near the growth plate, the area of cartilage near the ends of the long bones. Learn more

Osteopetrosis

Osteopetrosis keeps building up bone without the ability to remove the excess. Therefore people with the condition have bones that are very dense and more likely to fracture than normal bones. Learn more

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a very common type of bone cancer that affects older children and adolescents. It usually starts in the areas of long bones that are still growing, like at the ends of the thigh, shin or upper arm. Learn more

Pheochromocytomas

A pheochromocytoma is a rare type of non-cancerous tumor in children that arises in the adrenal gland, which are organs that lie just above the kidneys that secretes a group of chemicals, or hormones, that are part of the body’s response to danger known as “flight or fight” response (e.g. they regulate heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, pupil size, change blood flow from skin to muscles among other functions.. Learn more

Rhabdomyosarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of soft tissue cancer that can affect any of the skeletal muscles, or voluntary muscles, of the body occurring in boys more often than girls. Learn more

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is a very rare cancer in children, which, when present, results from skin cells growing without restraint. Learn more

Synovial Chondromatosis

The synovial membrane is a thin layer of tissue that lines the part of a joint that acts as a shock absorber between joints of bones. When the synovium thickens and fragments break off, the pieces may grow, calcify (become bone-like nodules) and become loose in the joint. This is synovial chondromatosis. Usually this process is benign (non-cancerous), however rarely, SOC may be become malignant. Learn more

Synovial sarcoma

Synovial sarcomas are a rare form of slow growing soft tissue cancer that commonly forms around the joints in the arms or legs in adolescent or young adults. Learn more

Teratoma

A teratoma is a fairly common congenital type of solid tumor that contains normal looking tissues like hair, teeth and bone (and very rarely whole organs). Learn more

Venous Malformation

​Venous malformations are benign birthmarks due to malformed and stretched out veins. Learn more

Wilms’ Tumor

Wilm's tumor is a rare type of cancer that starts in the kidney and occurs most often in children ages 3 or 4. Learn more