Synovial sarcoma

Also known as: malignant synovioma, soft tissue sarcoma

What is synovial sarcoma?

Synovial sarcomas are a rare form of slow growing soft tissue cancer that commonly forms around the joints in the arms or legs (but can also occur in the kidneys or lungs) in adolescent or young adults (in males a little more frequently than females).

What causes synovial sarcoma?

There may be a genetic component to synovial sarcoma.

What are the signs and symptoms of synovial sarcoma?

Signs and symptoms may not be noticed for a while as the tumor grows slowly. When they do occur they may include a mass or swelling where the tumor is present. As it grows, it can produce pain near the joints or difficulty moving the affected parts of the body. It can also have symptoms relating to an organ that isn't functioning normally (eg. difficulty breathing).

What are synovial sarcoma care options?

Surgical removal is usually the first step, with, if necessary chemotherapy and/or radiation.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: January 14, 2021 10:36 AM

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Sarcomas

Sarcomas are rare kinds of cancers that affect the body’s soft tissues. They are given different names depending on the type of cell or tissue involved including muscles, tendons, bone, fat, etc. Learn more

Chemotherapy

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Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a common form of cancer treatment. It refers to exposing the body to beams of radiation that are used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from coming back. Learn more