Also known as: RB

What is retinoblastoma?

The retina is the tissue at the back of the eyes that allows children to see both light and color. When cancer develops in the retina, this is known as a retinoblastoma. This type of cancer frequently affects very young children, before the age of 5.

What causes retinoblastoma?

A genetic mutation appears to lead to the development of retinoblastoma. In many cases this can be passed down from parents to children.

What are the symptoms of retinoblastoma?

Symptoms of retinoblastoma often begin with an unusual whiteness in the pupils of the eyes. It can progress to cause eye pain, redness, poor vision and crossed eyes or eyes that don’t point in the same direction.

What are retinoblastoma care options?

If there’s a possibility that the child’s vision can be saved, treatments such as chemotherapy and laser therapy may be used in an attempt to shrink and kill the cancer. If the cancer is advanced, the eye may need to be surgically removed in a procedure called enucleation.

Reviewed by: Timothy G Murray, MD

This page was last updated on: 6/21/2019 2:25:10 AM