Hgb C Disease

Also known as: hemoglobin C disease.

What is Hgb C disease?

Hemoglobin is the protein in the blood that carries oxygen from the lungs throughout the body. One abnormal form of hemoglobin is known as hemoglobin C, and it can cause red blood cells to break down earlier than normal, which leads to anemia. This condition is known as hemoglobin C disease, or Hgb C disease.

What causes Hgb C disease?

Hgb C disease is a genetic disorder that is passed along from parents to their children. It’s a recessive genetic disorder, which means that both parents must pass along the trait in order for the child to develop the disorder.

What are the symptoms of Hgb C disease?

The primary symptom of Hgb C disease is a low blood count or anemia, which typically doesn’t cause other symptoms. Other possible complications include low red blood cell count during infection or illness, enlarged spleen, joint pain and an increased risk of gallstones or infections.

What are Hgb C disease care options?

This is a mild hemolytic anemia with no serious complications and treating them as they arise. Treatments typically involve preventing potential complications and treating them as they arise.


Reviewed by: Athena Pefkarou, MD

This page was last updated on: September 30, 2020 11:35 AM

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Hemolytic Anemia

Anemia is a disorder in which the body doesn’t have enough red blood cells. Hemolysis is a method whereby red blood cells are broken down and destroyed. Learn more

Hgb C Trait

When a person has hemoglobin C trait, they have some hemoglobin C, but much more normal hemoglobin (hemoglobin A). Learn more