Testicular Tumors

Also known as: testicular cancer.

What are testicular tumors?

Testicular tumors are growths on the testicle.

When they occur in infant boys less than 2 years of age, they are usually benign  (non-cancerous) and don't spread).

When they occur after boys enter puberty, they are more likely to be malignant (cancerous) and can spread.

What causes testicular tumors?

The cause of testicular cancers is unknown, however boys with an undescended testicle, are at increased risk.

What are the sign/symptoms of testicular tumors?

A painless lump/swelling/abnormal shape or hardness of the testicle are the commonest signs of a testicular tumor. They can also cause a feeling of heaviness in the testicle, an ache in the groin or abdomen, pain or discomfort, fluid retention in the scrotum or early puberty or growth of the breasts.

What are testicular tumor care options? 

Treatments for testicular tumors include surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy depending on the type of tumor present.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: April 07, 2022 02:41 PM

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