Also known as: stomach inflammation.

What is gastritis?

When the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed, this condition is known as gastritis. A variety of different conditions fall under the umbrella of gastritis. Gastritis can develop slowly over time (chronic gastritis) or happen quickly (acute gastritis).

What causes gastritis?

Gastritis may occur when the stomach lining becomes irritated by any of several different causes, including increased acid production; infection with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (“H. pylori”); an autoimmune response, which is where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own organs and tissues; medications (e.g., frequent use of medications like ibuprofen); toxins; viral infections; alcohol abuse; or physical stress created by severe life-threatening illnesses or burns.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

The primary symptoms of gastritis can include abdominal discomfort or pain, nausea and vomiting, and feeling full easily. If severe, vomiting blood or having black bowel movements can occur as well.

What are gastritis care options?

Gastritis is most often treated with medications such as antacids, surface agents that protect the stomach lining, or medications that act to decrease stomach acid production (called Histamine-2 receptor antagonists (“H2RA’s”) or proton pump inhibitors (“PPI’s”).


Reviewed by: Shifra A Koyfman, MD

This page was last updated on: March 20, 2019 04:06 PM