Also known as: scrape, rub, skinned.
What is an abrasion?
An abrasion is the medical term for a minor superficial scrape of the skin. Examples include a skinned elbow, a rash from rubbing the skin against a rough surface like tarmac (road rash), gravel or a coarse rug. They may be small or large and have a variety of shapes.
What causes abrasion?
Coming in contact with any rough surface can result in the top layers of the skin being damaged and peeling off. They can be a feature from falling while “playing” with other children, accidents, other injury or from a fall related to sports participation.
What are the symptoms of abrasion?
An abrasion often causes a red patch on the skin, which may ooze fluid and may be painful or bleed. An abrasion may scab over as it heals, which usually takes 3-7 days but may take longer.
What are abrasion care options?
Abrasions should be cleaned thoroughly with soap and cool water (do not scrub) particularly well if dirt, stones or gravel need to be removed (a dirty abrasion may become infected or scar on healing). Daily application of an antibiotic ointment/lotion or cream on/or covered by an adhesive bandage or gauze (particularly if on the hands or feet or likely to become contaminated by clothing) is beneficial.
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Join us for a Live chat with Dr. Ana Duarte, Pediatric Dermatologist, Dr. Chad Perlyn, Pediatric Plastic Surgeon and Dr. Ricardo Restrepo, Pediatric Radiologist, who together are part of the comprehesive multi-specialty center for the evaluation and management of all birthmakrs, known as The International Birthmark Institute (TIBI) at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. Hear from these top doctors about what you and your families should know about birthmarks in this edition of Talkin' Kids Health.
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Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:17:59 PM
From the Newsdesk
Just a few weeks after Brianna was born, her mother noticed a red growth on her daughter’s upper lip. Her pediatrician referred the family to specialists who diagnosed the growth as an Infantile Hemangioma. On December 7th, Dr. Chad Perlyn of Nickalus Children's Hospital, removed the hemangioma.
The Vascular Birthmarks Foundation presented Dr. Ana Duarte with a 2016 Physician of the Year Award for outstanding service in the diagnosis and treatment of children affected by a vascular birthmark.