Also known as: convulsions, focal seizures, partial seizures, generalized seizures, epilepsy
What are seizures?
A seizure is a sudden abnormal burst of electrical activity in one or more parts of the brain from a variety of causes, that interrupt the normal brain signals and result in a wide variety of symptoms depending on from where the electrical signals originate.
The main types of seizures are focal (partial seizures) or generalized. Both are quite common in infants and children. When a child has recurrent seizures for which no cause can be found it’s diagnosed as epilepsy.
What causes seizures?
The most common type of seizure is associated with fever (often with a high temperature and called a febrile seizure). For many children with recurrent seizures the cause is unknown, though in some there is a family history of seizures. Other causes include:
And a wide variety of other uncommon conditions.
What are the signs/symptoms of seizures?
Depending on where in the brain the abnormal electrical activity originates, seizure symptoms will vary.
The common signs of seizures include:
changes in movement, body shaking uncontrollably with the muscles alternating between contraction and relaxation stiffness of limbs
loss of consciousness
loss of bowel or bladder control
rolling or rapid blinking of the eyes
drooling, grunting, clenching of teeth
bluish tinge to lips or tongue (cyanosis).
Some present with attention or changes in level of awareness. Most seizures pass within two minutes; seizures that last longer can be a medical emergency.
What are seizure care options?
First aid management includes preventing the child from harming themselves. Glasses should be removed, the child should be laid in a safe area on their side, unrestrained, and nothing should be placed in the child’s mouth. If the child stops breathing for more than 1 minute, mouth to mouth rescue resuscitation should be started, and/or if the seizure is prolonged, 911 should be called.
Management of recurrent seizures will involve management by a team of subspecialists with a wide variety of medical, surgical and other options available, depending on the specific needs of your child.
This one day course will include educational sessions, case studies, and panel discussions that highlight evidence-based information for managing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other related disabilities for children ages birth to 5.
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This workshop is designed to introduce you to a “better way” by providing an overview of Conscious Discipline® created by Dr. Becky Bailey. You will learn basic information about the human brain and about social emotional intelligence in order to have more tools to discipline your children effectively.
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Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:00:00 PM
From the Newsdesk
This conference is designed to provide individuals with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) and their family’s up-to-date information about the possible aspects of BWS and their management.
August 15, 2017 was the day my son Lucas was admitted to Nicklaus Children’s Hospital for purposes of treating uncontrollable seizures. After being admitted at a previous children’s hospital on three consecutive occasions and many EEGs later, we were referred to Nicklaus Children’s by a neurologist.