Also known as: Epilepsy
What is epilepsy?
Childhood epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes an infant or a child to have repeated seizures over time. Seizures, also known as convulsions, are episodes in which brain activity is disturbed, causing changes in attention or behavior.
What causes epilepsy in children?
Epilepsy in children is sometimes caused by certain medical conditions such as a congenital brain defect or metabolism disorder present at birth, or as a result of a brain tumor or brain injury.
What are some childhood epilepsy signs and symptoms?
Symptoms of epilepsy in children vary depending on the particular part of the brain that has been affected and the cause of epilepsy. In some cases, children with epilepsy may have simple staring spells or loss of alertness, while others can experience violent shaking.
Symptoms of epilepsy in infants can include sudden jerking of his or heard forward when sitting down. Other symptoms of epilepsy in babies can include staring off into space, breathing problems or grabbing when he or she is lying down.
Symptoms of epilepsy in infants, toddlers, and older children can also include:
- Suddenly falling for no reason
- Rolling his or her eyes and blinking repeatedly
- Suddenly nodding of his or her head
- Stiffening of the arms or legs
Are there treatments for epilepsy in infants and children?
In most cases, childhood seizures can be well controlled by anticonvulsant drug therapy. Depending on the specific type of childhood epilepsy, some patients may need to take several different anti-epileptic drugs. Surgery is an important treatment option for children who have not been helped by medication, while dietary changes yield positive results in certain types of severe epilepsy.
Some children may have difficulty in controlling the seizures in spite of being on multiple medications. These patients may be candidates for epilepsy surgery. All these patients should be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team. After a thorough evaluation a surgical plan is formulated. The various surgeries include removal of involved brain or its destruction using a laser technology (Visualase®).
The surgical pediatric epilepsy treatment was pioneered at Nicklaus Children's Hospital, we are one of the few centers in the world performing epilepsy surgery in children with normal MRI scans of the brain.
Will epilepsy affect other aspects of my child’s life?
Certain types of childhood epilepsy can improve or go away completely by the time a child is in their late teens or twenties. For others, epilepsy is a life-long condition where anti-seizure drug therapy must be continued. While there is a very low risk of sudden death with epilepsy, serious injuries can occur during certain activities like driving. Your doctor can help you determine the best childhood epilepsy treatment.
This page was last updated on: September 09, 2020 11:28 AM
Children with seizures can present many dental problems due to the oral side effects of the seizure medications.
Learn more about
Learning Disorders and Disabilities
Learning disabilities and disorders are brain based processing difficulties which interfere with learning skills like reading, writing and doing mathematics. Children with learning disorders usually have normal intellectual ability.
A seizure is a sudden abnormal burst of electrical activity in one or more parts of the brain that interrupt the normal brain signals and result in a wide variety of symptoms such as loss of conciousness and uncontrollable muscle spasms.
Electroencephalogram, or EEG, detects brain activity using electrodes attached to the scalp. It is a medical test performed to diagnose epilepsy among other brain disorders.
Intraoperative Brain Mapping
Intraoperative brain mapping is a form of brain surgery performed while the patient is awake. It is done for patients with tumors or lesions near critical functional brain regions and require the patient to be responsive and able to communicate with the surgeon during the procedure.
Vagal Nerve Stimulator
Is an adjunctive treatment for epilepsy.