Chronic and recurrent abdominal pain in children usually refers to the 10-15% of children who complain of recurrent pain in the abdomen for which no specific cause can be found.
When an infant has a birth defect that involves an opening in the abdomen, this is known as an abdominal wall abnormality or abdominal wall defect.
Anorexia is a severe debilitating eating disorder that occurs most frequently in girls that is characterized by a distorted view of their body that leads them to believe they're overweight and need to restrict how much they eat, over exercise, and/or perform other behaviors that prevents them from gaining weight, almost to starvation.
The appendix is a finger-like blind-ended tube that arises at the junction of the small and large intestines in the abdomen. Appendicitis is a very common acute infection/inflammation of the appendix usually occurring in children between the ages of 10-19 years.
The biliary system refers to the ducts and channels that allow the fluid produced in the liver ( bile ) to drain into the intestines
Binge eating is a type of eating disorder where abnormally large amounts of food are eaten in a single sitting.
Bulimia is a type of eating disorder where children/adolescents will have episodes of uncontrollable overeating.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder. This means that the body’s own immune system attacks itself as if it were a foreign invader.
Constipation in a common problem in children and is described as a condition where the child has infrequent ( less than 2-3 or less stools a week ), or hard dry and small bowel movements that are difficult to pass and are painful.
Crohn’s disease is a chronic type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes the intestine anywhere from mouth to anus to become inflamed, and/or ulcerated, causing it to lose its ability to absorb digested foods.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited chronic disease that mostly affects a child's ability to form normal sweat and/or mucous.
Malabsorption is the failure to digest or absorb nutrients from eaten food.
Dysphagia means difficulty with feeding and/or swallowing from problems with using the mouth/lips, tongue or throat.
Eosinophilic Esophagitis is when a white blood cell called an eosinophil is present in the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
If an infant or child is not maintaining or gaining weight at a normal rate, because of inadequate calorie intake, poor food absorption or increased caloric expenditure, the condition is known as failure to thrive.
When a child does not have control over their bowel movements( past the age of toilet training- at least 4 years of age ), and leaks solid or liquid ( or mucous ) stool from the rectum at unexpected times, it is known as fecal incontinence.
The terms feeding disorders or feeding difficulties are frequently used to refer to infants and children who have problems with eating enough and/or an appropriate variety of foods.
Food allergies are when a person develops allergy antibodies (IgE antibodies) to a protein in a food, and when exposed to this protein it causes an allergic reaction.
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome occurs in a small percentage of infants after ingestion of an offending food, causing repetitive vomiting sometimes with diarrhea leading to dehydration and possibly shock.
When digestive acids from the stomach back up or reflux back up the food pipe ( esophagus ) causing heartburn ( acid reflux ) it's called gastroesophageal reflux.
Gastroschisis and omphalocele are both part of a relatively uncommon group of birth defects that involve an opening or hole in the abdominal wall, frequently on the right side of the belly button.
Any internal bleeding that originates anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract is known as GI bleeding.
A wide variety of highly contagious infectious agents can infect the gastrointestinal tract. Giardia, which is a parasite, is one of the more common.
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral shaped, motile bacterium that infects the stomach, and duodenum sometimes causing illness.
Hirschsprung's disease describes a congenital condition (happens before birth) where nerve cells in the wall of the large bowel (colon) that normally develop during intrauterine development are missing.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are several related illnesses that cause chronic inflammation of the gut with swelling and damage of the bowel lining.
Without the enzyme, lactose cannot be absorbed and the condition is known as lactose intolerance because it causes children to have uncomfortable gut symptoms.
Megaloblastic anemia is a type of anemia where the bone marrow produces fewer and abnormally large, oval shaped (instead of round/disk-like) red blood cells, with underdeveloped inside contents (hemoglobin).
When the valve is narrowed by thickening of the muscles that make up the pylorus, blocking the passage of food, the condition is known as pyloric stenosis or hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.
Short bowel syndrome means that an infant/child doesn't have a long enough functioning bowel to properly absorb food.
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome is a rare complex disorder that affects a child's bone marrow, pancreas and bones (and sometimes other parts of the body).
Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in which the inner lining of the large intestine ( colon ) and rectum become inflamed, on and off, causing symptoms, which come and go.
Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a number of viruses which can damage or destroy liver cells.
Vomiting is a symptom, not a disease and describes the reflexive act of emptying the contents of the stomach up through the mouth.