Gastrointestinal Treatments and Procedures
Anorectal Malformation Repair
Anorectal malformation is a birth defect that adversely impacts the development of the anus and rectum. This can negatively affect or even prevent a baby from passing stools through the anus and rectum. Anorectal malformation repair is a surgical procedure to fix the problem.
If a person is having problems with the function of their anal sphincter or rectum, such as constipation or incontinence, an anorectal manometry may be performed. The procedure involves passing a catheter into the rectum in order to check the function of these body parts.
Appendicostomy is a treatment for fecal incontinence in school-age children. Typically, the candidate for appendicostomy is a child who is managing incontinence through a bowel management program but wants more privacy and less invasive enemas in order to treat the incontinence.
Balloon G-J Tube
A balloon G-J tube is used to feed a child if he or she is unable to take food by mouth. The tube actually has two ends, one that is in stomach, and second that ends in the small intestines. The tube can be used for both feedings and for venting air from the stomach or intestines. The tube can also be used to administer medications.
Bariatric surgery is a medical procedure that helps people achieve their weight loss goals. It accomplishes this by limiting the amount of food that the stomach can hold.
Bile is a substance that helps with digestion, and it travels from the gallbladder to the intestines to help in this process via the bile ducts. If the bile ducts are too narrow, they can be opened up through a process known as biliary dilatation.
The bile ducts are a part of the body the delivers bile from the liver to the small intestines. If the bile ducts are missing or damaged, biliary reconstruction can repair the damage.
The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ attached to the liver that stores bile. When the gallbladder needs to be removed, the procedure is known as a cholecystectomy.
Colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of all or part of the colon. This may be necessary to prevent or treat severe diseases of the colon.
Delorme procedure is a treatment for rectal prolapse, or a condition in which the rectum passes outside of the anus. It involves surgically repairing the rectal prolapse.
Dilatation (also called dilation) is the process of opening up a narrow body part in order to restore its function or perform a medical procedure on it.
A double-balloon enteroscopy is a procedure used to look for problems in the intestines. It involves two balloons that are inserted into the intestine with a special endoscope.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
Please see ERCP Test for further information.
An enema is liquid medicine delivered into the anus and rectum to relieve constipation and help with colon cleansing, among other medical uses. Enema administration is the manner in which an enema is delivered to the body.
If a patient’s esophagus is too narrow, esophageal dilatation is a procedure that can be used to stretch and open it up. This is often used if swallowing food or liquid proves to be difficult.
If you have problems related to the esophagus, stomach or other parts of the upper GI tract, the doctor might request an esophagogastroduodenoscopy. It’s a test of these areas of the body that’s performed using an endoscope.
Fluid Aspiration and Drainage
Please see Paracentesis for further information.
Esophageal atresia is a birth defect that causes disruption of the esophagus, so it does not connect properly to the stomach. If the ends of the esophagus are far apart, it is often difficult to treat. In the past, it took months for the two ends to grow close enough to connect. The Foker operation is a modern set of procedures that can successfully treat even the trickiest forms of esophageal atresia in days to weeks instead.
Foreign Object Removal
Any particle or item that is lodged somewhere in the body and is not easy to remove is known as a foreign object. Foreign object removal is the medical procedure used to actually remove them. These can be done in the ear, nose, eye, throat, esophagus, stomach, intestines and other parts of the body.
Fundoplication is a surgical procedure used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Gastrojejunal Tube Placement
Please see Balloon G-J Tube for further information.
IB-STIM is a small, electrical nerve-stimulating device that children wear behind their ear to help reduce abdominal pain related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Infliximab is a strong form of medication, known as a biologic that’s used to treat severe conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, spinal arthritis, and skin diseases.
Low-Profile Balloon J Tube
A low-profile balloon J tube is used to feed a patient (often a child) if he or she is unable to take food by mouth. The tube passes through the stomach and into the small intestines. It’s called low-profile because it’s close to the belly and does not hang out, and the balloon is filled with water to keep it in place in the stomach.
Nasogastric Laxative Cleanout
Nasogastric laxative cleanout is a treatment for severe constipation in children.
A nasojejunal tube is used to feed a patient (often a child) if he or she is unable to take food by mouth. The tube passes through the nose and into the small intestines.
Certain medical conditions ranging from injury to infection can cause excess fluid to build up in the abdomen. Paracentesis is the procedure that medical professional turn to in order to remove this excess fluid.
Percutaneous Cecostomy Tube Placement
A cecostomy tube is a soft catheter that’s surgically put into the large intestine. It’s used to give a patient a flushing solution, similar to an enema in a quick and easy fashion to empty the bowels.
Please see Balloon G-J Tube for further information.
Percutaneous Gastrostomy Feeding Tube Placement
Percutaneous gastrostomy feeding tube placement is a procedure used to place a tube into the stomach. The tube connects the abdominal wall to the stomach. It’s used for children who are having trouble with feedings.
Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiogram
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram is a procedure used to look for problems in the bile ducts that transport bile from the liver to the small intestine or gallbladder. It is performed with an X-ray.
Polyps are growths of tissue that sometimes occur within the colon. A polypectomy is non-invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove a polyp from the colon.
Posterior Sagittal Anorectoplasty
Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty is a surgical procedure used to repair birth defects related to the passing of stool through the rectum and anus. Anorectal malformations, cloacal malformation and Hirschsprung’s disease are just a few of the conditions treated by the procedure.
Proctectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of all or part of the rectum, which is the lower portion of the large intestine. This may be necessary to prevent or treat severe diseases of the rectum, such as rectal cancer.
Pull-Through Procedures for Hirschsprung's
Hirschsprung's disease is genetic disorder in which newborns lack nerve cells in their intestines. As a result, they have trouble passing stools and become constipated. Pull-through procedures for Hirschsprung's are procedures used to treat Hirschsprung’s disease and remedy the problem.
Enteroscopy is a procedure used to examine the intestines using an endoscope, which is a thin, flexible tube with a light and a camera on the end. With single-balloon enteroscopy, a second tube placed over the first one has a balloon that widens the intestines, allowing the endoscope to advance further into the intestines.
Sphingomyelinase (Lysosomal Enzyme for Niemann-Pick Disease)
Niemann-Pick disease is a disorder that affects the body’s ability to breakdown lipids.
Please see Esophageal Dilatation for further information.