Restless Leg Syndrome

Also known as: Restless legs syndrome, RLS

What is restless legs syndrome?

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a movement disorder in which the child or adolescent reports an uncomfortable and irresistible urge to move his or her legs.

What are the signs/symptoms?

  • Uncomfortable leg sensations
  • Uncontrollable urge to move legs
  • Sleep disruption
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or feeling tired all the time
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • School performance problems

What causes restless legs syndrome in children?

The exact cause of restless legs syndrome is not known, however it can be associated with a low iron level or sometimes linked with diabetes, kidney or other neurological diseases.

How is restless legs syndrome diagnosed and treated?

A sleep study is recommended for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Treatment options may include the following:

  • Change in bedtime habits
  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Medication
  • Incorporating a healthy and well-balanced diet
  • Relaxation techniques

Reviewed by: Mercedes Bello, MD

This page was last updated on: January 28, 2021 04:22 PM

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