Also known as: spleen removal, surgical removal of the spleen.

What is splenectomy?

A splenectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of the spleen. It’s frequently needed in the case of a ruptured spleen, but the procedure may be necessary for other reasons, as well.

What happens during the procedure?

The patient is placed under general anesthesia. Then the spleen is surgically removed using either a laparoscope (a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera that guides the surgeon as the spleen is removed) or via an open surgery. Once the spleen is removed, any incisions are closed.

Is any special preparation needed?

The patient will need to avoid food, drink and medications prior to the procedure.

What are the risk factors?

Infection, bleeding, blood clots or damage to surrounding organs and tissues are potential risks of splenectomy.

Reviewed by: Jorge Ricardo Galvez Silva, MD

This page was last updated on: March 26, 2019 12:22 PM