Beta Thalassemia Intermedia
What is beta thalassemia intermedia?
Thalassemia is a medical condition in which the body makes less hemoglobin than usual. It causes anemia. There are two types of thalassemia, alpha and beta. Beta thalassemia impacts two different types of genes. Beta thalassemia intermedia is a form of beta thalassemia that causes moderate to severe anemia. It is the second most severe form after beta thalassemia major.
What causes beta thalassemia intermedia?
Beta thalassemia intermedia is a genetic disease, and the abnormal genes that cause it are passed along from parents to children.
What are the symptoms of beta thalassemia intermedia?
Possible symptoms of beta thalassemia minor include anemia, tiredness, weakness, pale skin, slow or delayed growth, and enlarged spleen and weak bones.
What are beta thalassemia intermedia care options?
Possible treatments for beta thalassemia intermedia may include blood transfusions, medications, supplements and surgery for gallstones, removal of spleen and bone marrow transplantation.
Reviewed by: Athena Pefkarou, MD
This page was last updated on: September 29, 2020 04:08 PM
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Beta thalassemia impacts two different types of genes. When these genes are damaged or missing, it can cause beta thalassemia.
Beta Thalassemia Major
Beta thalassemia is an abnormality in the production of beta chains which causes the red cells to more easily breakdown resulting in mild to severe anemia. It is more common in Mediterranean (Italian or Greek), African or Southeast Asian peoples
A splenectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of the spleen. It’s frequently needed in the case of a ruptured spleen, but the procedure may be necessary for other reasons, as well.
Blood and Marrow Transplantation
The transplantation of blood or bone marrow is the procedure of transferring and replacing the hematopietic stem cells.