Burns

Also known as: first-degree burns, second-degree burns, third-degree burns

What are burns?

Burns are tissue damage to the body that occurs after exposure to extreme heat, though they can be caused by other sources (electricity and chemicals) as well. Burns are classified by position,  size, and by depth/severity or “degree”. First-degree burns damage only the outer layer of skin, while third-degree burns cause massive skin and tissue damage.


What causes burns?

Scalds from steam, hot tap water (particularly in bathtubs), cooking fluids, tipped-over coffee etc and contact with flames (playing with matches, lighters etc) are the commonest causes of burns in under 4year olds (electrical burns from fingers in electrical sockets etc are seen). In the over 5year old age group playing with fire and kitchen scalds are the commonest causes. In adolescents, playing with inflammable material (e.g. gasoline) and electrical burns are common. Chemical burns from swallowing or spilling chemicals also occur frequently.


What are the symptoms of burns?

A First degree burn is a painful red dry area without blisters, which generally heals within 3-6 days. A second degree burn involves skin layers that are deeper and causes blisters, severe pain and redness. Healing may take up to 21 days depending on severity. Third degree burns (full-thickness burns) are the most serious and involve all the layers of the skin plus underlying tissue. These burns are not generally painful (because of nerve damage) and look dry, brown or charred, can lead to fluid and protein loss and healing may require skin grafting. They can be life-threatening in severe instances. The severely damaged tissue is prone to infection.


What are burn care options?

Depending on the position of the burn, it's severity and size treatments will vary. Consult your Pediatrician or Nicklaus Children's Hospital surgical specialists for further information.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 7/3/2017 8:16:24 AM

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Urgent Care Centers

Doral Urgent Care Center
3601 NW 107th Avenue
Doral, FL 33178
Wait Time: Closed

Palm Beach Gardens Urgent Care Center
11310 Legacy Avenue
Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410
Wait Time: Closed

Miramar Urgent Care Center
12246 Miramar Parkway
Miramar, FL 33025
Wait Time: Closed

Miami Lakes Urgent Care Center
15025 NW 77 Avenue
Miami Lakes, FL 33014
Wait Time: Closed

Nirvair Chowdhury Midtown Urgent Care Center
3915 Biscayne Boulevard
Miami, FL 33137
Wait Time: Closed

West Kendall Urgent Care Center
13400 SW 120th Street
Miami, FL 33186
Wait Time: Closed

Palmetto Bay Urgent Care Center
17615 SW 97 Avenue
Palmetto Bay, FL 33157
Wait Time: Closed

West Bird Urgent Care Center
11449 SW 40 Street
Miami, FL 33165
Wait Time: Closed

Main Campus Urgent Care Center
3100 SW 62 Avenue
Miami, FL 33155
Wait Time: Closed

Golisano | Nicklaus Children's Health Center
3361 Pine Ridge Road
Naples, FL 34109
Wait Time: Closed

Hialeah Urgent Care Center
990 W 49th Street
Hialeah, FL 33012
Wait Time: Closed

Pinecrest Urgent Care Center
11521 South Dixie Highway
Pinecrest, FL 33156
Wait Time: Closed

Homestead Urgent Care Center
2072 NE 8th Street
Homestead, FL 33033
Wait Time: Closed