Laryngeal and Tracheal Reconstruction
Also known as: airway reconstruction, laryngotracheal reconstruction, LTR.
What is laryngeal and tracheal reconstruction?
Laryngeal and tracheal reconstruction is a procedure that widens the windpipe in order to make breathing easier. It’s a common treatment for breathing difficulties related to a narrow windpipe (tracheal stenosis).
What happens during the procedure?
During laryngeal and tracheal reconstruction, small pieces of cartilage removed from the ear, thyroid or ribs are stitched into the trachea in order to widen it. Then a tracheostomy tube or stent is placed in the trachea to hold it in position while it heals. Another option is to remove a portion of the windpipe and stitch the two remaining ends together (resection).
Is any special preparation needed?
Often a tracheostomy tube must be inserted in a separate procedure prior to the laryngeal and tracheal reconstruction. Patients must also avoid food, drink and certain medications prior to the procedure.
What are the risk factors?
Infection, bleeding, pain, collapsed lung, voice problems and swallowing difficulties are potential risk factors of laryngeal and tracheal reconstruction.
Reviewed by: Brian Ho, MD
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:22 PM
This video will teach you how to properly care for a tracheostomy tube.
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This video will teach you how to properly change a tracheostomy tube if it becomes dislodged or if it is obstructed.
Patient Success Stories
According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 15 million babies are born prematurely every year. Among the many complications these little ones face are airway disorders. Thanks to airway reconstruction performed by Dr. Brian Ho, little Elijah is able to breathe on his own without the support of a medical device.
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The trachea is another name for the windpipe that delivers air to and from the lungs. When the trachea becomes narrow and negatively impacts breathing, this is known as tracheal stenosis.