Low Glycemic Index Treatment (LGIT)

Also known as: LGIT.

What is low glycemic index treatment?

Low glycemic index treatment is a form of high fat and low-carbohydrate diet that can be used as a medical treatment for epilepsy. It promotes the consumption of foods that have a low Glycemic Index (GI) like whole grains/high fiber starches, fruits and vegetables; while excluding those that have a high GI, like foods high in carbohydrates and simple sugars. For unknown reasons, the reduction in carbohydrates created by this diet, seems to reduce the number of seizures in people with epilepsy.

What happens during the treatment?

The patient will meet with a dietitian and other health professionals (Neurologist and Nurse Practitioner) to formulate diet goals and meal plan/menus. Overall, the plan typically involves:

  1. Restricting carbohydrate intake via measuring foods in household measurements, choosing carbohydrates that are low in GI

  2. Providing liberal protein intake

  3. Adding enough fat to every meal and snack

Is any special preparation needed?

A LGIT diet may be recommended for individuals who have refractory epilepsy. Assessment by a health care provider is recommended before beginning a Ketogenic Diet such as the LGIT. It is important to obtain detailed medical and dietary history, as well as baseline laboratories. With this information, the health care providers would be able to determine if a patient is a good candidate for the LGIT dietary treatment.

What are the risk factors?

Fatigue, lethargy, headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, elevation in cholesterol and triglycerides, micronutrient deficiencies, etc. are potential side effects of any Ketogenic Diet including the LGIT.

Reviewed by: Cristina Visona, MS, RDNN, CSP, LDN

This page was last updated on: 6/15/2018 3:19:24 PM

Weekly Support Programs

Brain Wellness: Yoga for Kids

Participants will learn to optimize neurological potential across the developing age and care continuum, to provide other treatment modalities to optimize results, to provide options for our patients and families, to provide options for our patients and families, and more! Learn more.

From the Newsdesk

Mason's Story: Nicklaus Children's Makes the Difference for Child with Traumatic Brain Injury
Seeing a baby boy intubated, hooked up to a maze of machines, and with IV pumps snaking out of his tiny arms is an incredibly heartbreaking and terrifying experience. The Nicklaus Children’s staff was not only caring and friendly, but knowledgeable and explained everything to us in detail. Meeting the neurosurgery team brought us great comfort because they were confident and calm—they won our trust immediately.
Talkin' Kids Health: Individual Education Plans
Learn about Individual Education Plans with Dr. Reshma Naidoo, Neuropsychologist and Neurorehabilitation Specialist at Nicklaus Children's Hosptial.