Infectious Mononucleosis

Also known as: mononucleosis, mono, the kissing disease, human herpes virus 4.

What is infectious mononucleosis?

Infectious mononucleosis is a viral infection that is common among adolescents and young adults. It is often called the kissing disease because it can be spread through the saliva, though it can be transmitted in other ways, as well.

What causes infectious mononucleosis?

Infectious mononucleosis is most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses can also cause the disease. Other than kissing, mononucleosis can also be spread by sharing glasses and utensils, as well as sneezes and coughs.

What are the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis?

Infectious mononucleosis causes symptoms like fatigue, sore throat, fever, headache, skin rash, and a swollen spleen, lymph nodes or tonsils. While the flu-like symptoms only last a couple of weeks, some of the symptoms can last several weeks longer.

What are infectious mononucleosis care options?

There is no medication that can cure Infectious mononucleosis. Individuals with mononucleosis should rest and get plenty of fluids. Also, contact and collision sports.  Should be avoided until the patient is recovered fully from infectious mononucleosis and the spleen is no longer palpable.

Reviewed by: Manuel Rafael Cotilla, MD

This page was last updated on: September 27, 2019 04:44 PM