Also known as: common cold, viral infection, viral sore throat, upper respiratory tract infection, URI
What are colds, coughs, and sore throats?
The common cold is a very common contagious viral infection of the nose and throat (upper respiratory tract). Babies and infants may have many (> 6-8 colds per year-sometimes even more if they are in kindergarten), with older children/ adolescents having 2-4/ year. Cold season for children is between September and March/April.
What causes colds, coughs, and sore throats?
Colds are always viral infections. A variety of different viruses can cause colds, however rhinoviruses are the most common.
What are the symptoms of colds, coughs, and sore throats?
Symptoms usually appear 1-3 days after being exposed to the virus with the child "not feeling very well" and then include; mild fever
(sometimes), runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, a sore throat, cough, and/or mild headaches
/body aches. Most symptoms disappear within 4-10 days.
What are colds, coughs, and sore throats care options?
Colds cannot be cured, and supportive care is best until the symptoms subside. These include rest, over-the-counter pain relievers, medication for symptoms and drinking plenty of fluids.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 2/2/2018 11:45:45 AM
From the Newsdesk
Dr. Barbara Peña discusses tummy troubles in children and when to visit the ER.
Here is a list of some conditions for which you may want to seek treatment in an urgent care setting:
- Minor allergies
- Minor asthma attacks
- Minor burns
- Bruises, cuts, wounds and lacerations (including stitches)
- Colds and coughs
- Minor dog/animal bites
- Earaches and ear infections
- Fever in children older than 2 months
- Flu and sore throat (strep detection by DNA test available)
- Mild stomach pain
- Minor head injuries (without loss of consciousness)
- Mononucleosis (often called “mono”)
- Muscle strain injuries
- Pink eye
- Sprains and fractures (splinting)
- Urinary tract infections
- Vomiting, diarrhea and mild dehydration