Strabismus

Also known as: deviation of the eyes, crossed eyes, heterotropia, squint, exotropia, esotropia.

What is strabismus?

Strabismus, or crossed eyes, is a common form of eye muscle disorder in young children, frequently occurring in infants/young children by the age of 3 years, that causes the eyes to not look at the same place at the same time. It can be intermittent or present all the time. It’s classified by the direction the eye turns. Inward turning is called esotropia. Outward turning is called exotropia. Upward turning is called hypertropia. Downward turning is called hypotonia.

 

What causes strabismus? 

Strabismus can be caused by problems with weak or paralyzed eye muscles, the nerves that drive them, or the control center in the brain that directs eye movements. Risk factors include; a family history, significant farsightedness, brain disorders like cerebral palsy, or other medical conditions (like fractures of the eye’s bony wall, thyroid disease and others).
 

What are the symptoms of strabismus? 

In addition to the physical appearance of the eyes, (the eye that wanders or turns out, in, down or up), strabismus can cause vision problems such as double or blurry vision, poor depth perception, closing of one eye or turning of the head to one side, headaches and other problems.
 

What are strabismus care options?

Potential treatment options to improve eye alignment and coordination include vision therapy, corrective eye glasses or prisms, patches, botox injections if available, or eye muscle surgery. The condition can often be corrected if detected and treated early


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:13:33 PM


Upcoming Events

Vision, Ocular-Motor and Movement Strategies for Integrated Learning

This course will focus on clinical decision-making for the use of vision, ocular-motor and movement strategies to enhance outcomes.

Learn more and register

From the Newsdesk

Pediatric Neurosurgeon and Chief of Surgery for Nicklaus Children’s Passes Away
05/24/2018 — The medical staff, employees and volunteers of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital mourn the passing of our esteemed Dr. Sanjiv Bhatia, a longstanding leader and dedicated champion for children with complex medical conditions and their families.
Medical Mission to Algeria Helps Children in Need of Spinal Surgeries
03/06/2018 — A group of children in Algeria who underwent complex surgeries as part of a 2016 U.S.-sponsored medical mission have many reasons to celebrate, and can do so with better movement of their limbs.

Video

video
Nicklaus Children’s is among the first pediatric facilities in the region to offer robotic single-site incision surgery for children utilizing the da Vinci Xi® system. The technique offers a single incision minimally invasive surgical option for gallbladder or ovarian surgeries in children.