Cystic Fibrosis

Also known as: CF

What is cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited chronic disease that mostly affects a child's ability to form normal sweat and/or mucous which becomes so thick and sticky that it clogs the child's lungs, sinuses, and digestive system (intestines and gall bladder). The disease can be severe or mild in presentation.


What causes cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited genetic disorder that is passed along from both parents to their children. It is one of the commonest genetic disorders in white children in the USA.


What are the symptoms of cystic fibrosis?

CF is usually diagnosed at an early age and symptoms can vary between cystic fibrosis children. Common presentations include a blocked intestine soon after birth, salty tasting skin, diarrhea (stools may be "fatty and float"), failure to grow or gain weight properly, and breathing problems (cough) and recurrent infections of the lung (pneumonia).


What are cystic fibrosis care options?

Cystic fibrosis cannot be cured. Depending on your child's presenting symptoms and/or complications different types of subspecialists may be required. Nicklaus Children's Hospital has a full range of pediatric specialists necessary to deliver optimal care to your child.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:09:08 PM

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