Cataracts

Also known as: cloudy lens

What are cataracts?

When the lens of the eye becomes cloudy or opaque, this condition is known as a cataract. Just as the eye appears cloudy, vision for the person with the cataract also becomes cloudy. They occur more frequently with age, but they can also impact infants at birth in some instances (congenital).


What causes cataracts?

A variety of causes can lead to cataracts. Some people who experience an eye injury, have eye inflammation or diabetes might be more likely to develop cataracts. Certain surgeries and medications can increase your risk. Smoking, a family history of cataracts and radiation exposure are other risk factors.


What are the symptoms of cataracts?

Along with the physical symptoms, cataracts cause problems with vision that can include blurry vision, double vision, halos around lights, a lack of intensity of color, lack of red reflex, misalignment of the eyes, and other problems.


What are cataract care options?

Mild cataracts may require no treatment or simply a change in eyeglass prescription. The only way to eliminate a cataract is through surgery.

Reviewed by: Zenia Aguilera, MD

This page was last updated on: 7/25/2017 9:00:05 AM

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