Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

Also known as: EDMD

What is Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy?

Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is a form of muscular dystrophy that causes problems with the skeletal muscles and the heart. The joints most commonly impacted by this form of muscular dystrophy include the elbows, ankles and neck. Almost all adults with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy develop heart problems.   
 

What causes Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy?

Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy is caused by genetic mutations. These are passed down from parents to their children.
 

What are the symptoms of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy?

Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy often begins with contractures. These are shortening and thickening of joint tissues that restricts the movement of the joints, primarily the elbows, ankles and neck. As the condition progresses, muscle weakness, atrophy and heart abnormalities are all likely to occur.
 

How can Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy effect children?

The symptoms of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy tend to appear in early childhood. They gradually grow worse over time.
 

What are Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy care options?

Physical therapy, stretching, assistive devices and other forms of therapy can help people live with the symptoms of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy. Surgery may be needed to help with scoliosis or other deformities that result from the disorder.
 

Reviewed by: Migvis Monduy, MD

This page was last updated on: 9/5/2019 2:57:01 PM