Cavernous Malformations

Also known as: cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM), cavernous angioma, cavernous hemangioma, cavernoma

What are cavernous malformations?

Cavernous malformations are frequently small (but may be quite large) clusters of blood vessels that form abnormally. They can be found anywhere on, or in the body , but usually only cause problems when in the brain or spinal cord.


What causes cavernous malformations?

In some cases (1 in 4) cavernous malformations run in families and are passed along from parents to their children. For most, however the cause in unknown.


What are the symptoms of cavernous malformations?

Symptoms only occur if the blood vessels bleed a lot or press on the brain or spinal cord. When that happens the neurological problems may include problems with vision and memory, headaches, seizures, arm and leg weakness, balance or other problems.


What are cavernous malformation care options?

If the malformation is not causing any symptoms, it is typically monitored for any growth or change over time. When symptoms appear, surgery to remove the cavernous malformation may be required with medications to treat seizures or other symptoms.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 5/2/2017 3:06:15 PM

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