Infectious Diseases we Treat
Anthrax is a bacterial infection. The bacteria is sometimes found in soil and infects animals more often than humans. However, the bacteria that causes anthrax can also be used as a weapon in terror attacks. The illness is severe and life-threatening.
Botulism is an illness caused by a toxin produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum that normally live in the soil, dust and cooked agricultural products.
Cat Scratch Disease
As the name implies, cat scratch disease is an infection that occurs after being scratched or bitten by a cat or fleas that were on a cat.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral infection that causes itchy spots in children who haven’t had the disease or been vaccinated against it.
When fluid from the lymphatic system leaks into the kidneys and turns the urine a milky color, this rare condition is known as chyluria.
Cytomegalovirus is a virus that causes a number of concerning symptoms in infants, but may be carried in adults without them even being aware of it. When a mother passes the virus to her unborn baby, and the baby is born with symptoms of the disease, this is known as congenital cytomegalovirus.
Congenital Hepatitis B
Congenital hepatitis B is a viral infection of a baby’s liver which occurs when a pregnant women infected with HBV passes the virus onto her unborn infant.
HIV is a potentially dangerous viral infection that can ultimately lead to AIDS if left untreated. When the virus is passed to an unborn fetus by the mother, this is known as congenital HIV.
Rubella is a virus that causes a disease commonly known as the German measles. When the virus is passed to an unborn fetus by the mother, this is known as congenital rubella.
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an eye infection of the transparent tissue surrounding the eye that is common among children.
Croup refers to a contagious infection of the upper breathing passages that irritates, inflames, swells and obstructs the upper airways of babies and young children.
Cytomegalovirus is a common virus that, once contracted, stays in the body for life. If contracted in-utero it is the most common cause of congenital deafness. When acquired after birth it rarely causes symptoms, but people with weakened immune systems or infants infected with the virus can have problems.
Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that causes several symptoms, the most serious of which is a thick film of material that covers the back of the throat and causes breathing problems.
Disorders of the Facial Nerve and Skull Base
The facial nerve emerges from the brainstem through the side of the skull to control the muscles of the face, and to transmit taste sensations from the tongue and mouth.
An ear infection is an inflammation of the middle ear (the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the little bones that transmit the sound vibrations from the eardrum).
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Eastern equine encephalitis is a rare but serious viral infection that causes inflammation in the brain, or encephalitis.
The pleura are the smooth coverings between the lungs and the chest wall. Usually they are in close contact with only a small space and a little lubricating fluid between them (pleural space). When this space fills with pus, it’s known as an empyema.
Epstein Barr is the name of the virus that most often causes Infectious mononucleosis, though it can also cause other illnesses.
Fifth disease is a mildly/moderately contagious viral infection spread by respiratory droplets that presents as a red rash, commonly in school aged children, usually in the spring and winter.
Flu and H1N1
Flu is a very common, highly contagious, often severe viral illness that affects the respiratory airways that occurs during the winter months.
The influenza virus has a number of types called A, B and C. A and B cause epidemics, while type C usually causes no or mild respiratory tract symptoms. Influenza viruses continually change which means every year many children’s (and adults’) immune systems are not equipped to manage it.
When the gastrointestinal tract, most often the intestine, is infected by a parasite, this is often referred to as gastrointestinal parasites. If not treated some parasites may linger for many years and cause long term problems
Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact. It can cause symptoms that impact the sexual organs as well as other areas of the body.
When the body’s own immune system mistakenly attacks the nerves of the body, usually following a gastrointestinal or respiratory tract infection, the group of diseases that result is known as Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Haemophilus Influenzae Infections
Haemophilus influenzae infections refer to a variety of problems that are all caused by the Haemophilus influenzae bacteria. They can impact everything from the ear to the brain and bloodstream.
Hand-foot-mouth disease is a viral infection that tends to impact young children. The symptoms are mild and, as the name implies, affect the hands, feet and mouth with the development of skin blisters. The disease is contagious and can be passed from child to child.
Herpes is a disease that affects the skin i.e., mouth, lips and face or the genitals. The symptoms typically involve sores that appear on the body and develop into itchy and painful blisters.
HIV is a virus that can destroy the body’s immune system. Over time and without treatment, the virus can cause AIDS, a life-threatening illness that occurs when the body’s immune system is greatly compromised.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted viral infection in the USA.
Human Parainfluenza Viruses
Human parainfluenza viruses are viruses that cause illnesses similar to the common cold in most cases, though they are different kinds of viruses. In people with weakened immune systems, however, the illnesses can be life-threatening.
When inflammation occurs in the coronary arteries and other medium-sized arteries throughout the body, the condition is known as Kawasaki disease.
Lymph nodes are bean shaped organs found in the axilla, neck, groin, chest and abdomen that act as filters for lymph fluid as it circulates around the body. When these glands become swollen and enlarged, the condition is known as lymphadenopathy.
Malaria is an infection from a parasite that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It’s more common in tropical parts of the world. If left untreated, the disease can be life-threatening.
Measles is a viral infection characterized by a fever, cough and a full-body rash. The disease has become increasingly rare in the United States but in the last 2 years there have been more cases as some families have refused vaccinations.
Meningitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the linings that cover the spinal cord and the brain.
Meningococci are a form of bacteria that can cause severe infections in the human body. They are responsible for sepsis that impacts the bloodstream and infection of the brain linings referred to as meningitis.
Molluscum contagiosum is a mild non-malignant viral infection of the skin, spread by direct person-to-person contact or by contact with contaminated objects.
Infectious mononucleosis is a viral infection that is common among adolescents and young adults. It is often called the kissing disease because it can be spread through the saliva, though it can be transmitted in other ways, as well.
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C)
MIS-C is a serious health condition found in children that appears to be associated with COVID-19 (coronavirus).
Mumps is a viral infection that affects the parotid glands.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Neonatal hepatitis is a liver inflammation that occurs in early infancy; frequently between 1-2 months of age from, and in 20% of infants from a virus that infects the liver, passed during pregnancy (or soon after) from mother to baby.
When a bone in the body becomes infected, the condition is known as osteomyelitis.
Pertussis is a very contagious bacterial disease that affects all ages but is particularly worrying in infants under 1 year of age.
The plague still exists today, but it is extremely uncommon in the US, less than 10-15 cases per year. There has not been cases of Florida reported Plague cases in many years.
Rabies is a deadly viral infection. People can contract the illness if they are bitten by an animal that is infected with the virus that causes rabies.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is an illness that that can be transmitted from a tick bit. Though the illness was first discovered in the Rockies, it can actually occur in a number of different locations.
Roseola is a viral infection that frequently affects children between the ages of six months and two years. It’s characterized by a respiratory symptoms, a high fever and a rash.
Rotavirus infections are viral infections that mainly cause digestive symptoms. The illness caused by rotavirus is known as gastroenteritis and primarily affects children before the age of 5.
Rubella is a viral infection that is similar to the measles, in that it causes a bodily rash and fever.
Scabies is a skin condition caused by a tiny insect known as a human itch mite. The disease occurs when the mite burrows into the skin and begins feeding.
Scarlet fever is a complication that sometimes occurs along with strep throat. The primary symptom is a red rash that covers a good portion of the body. It most often occurs in children between ages 5 and 15.
Sepsis is a complication that can occur in the body’s bloodstream as the result of an infection.
When an infection of a joint in the body causes arthritis-like symptoms, this is known as septic arthritis.
Smallpox is a dangerous viral infection. It was eradicated globally in the 1980s due to the widespread distribution and use of immunizations. In most cases, children are currently not immunized for smallpox due to the low risk of developing the disease now.
Staphylococcal syndrome is a skin condition also known as scalded skin syndrome. It’s due to toxins released by the Staphylococcus bacteria.
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the neck and throat. It’s common among children and is contagious.
Tetanus is a serious bacterial infection that can occur when a deep cut comes in contact with a contaminated surface. It can result in a serious complications called lockjaw among other symptoms.
Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, which are a pair of oval-shaped pads that rest at the back of the throat.
TORCH is the short term used to describe a group of diseases that are passed from mother to baby during pregnancy.
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite. In many people, it causes no symptoms at all or flu-like symptoms. But it can cause serious problems in babies or people with compromised immunity.
Trichomoniasis is a bacterial infection that is transmitted sexually. Both men and women can acquire the disease, but it usually only causes symptoms in women.
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs but can also impact other parts of the body.
Urinary Tract Infection
The body's urinary tract includes the kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. When an infection does occur in the urinary system, it is known as a urinary tract infection, or UTI.
Varicella-zoster virus is the virus that causes both chickenpox and shingles. Chickenpox can occur upon initial infection with the virus, while shingles tends to occur later in life when the dormant virus that caused chickenpox reactivates.
Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a number of viruses which can damage or destroy liver cells.
West Nile Virus
West Nile virus is a disease that was only recently discovered in the United States. It usually causes mild symptoms but can cause severe problems if it affects the brain. It is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.
Zika virus is an illness caused by infected mosquitoes. It occurs mostly in tropical areas but has recently made some appearances in the United States. It often causes no symptoms or mild symptoms but can be dangerous if pregnant women become infected.