Congenital Neck Masses

Also known as: congenital head and neck masses, congenital malformation of the neck.

What are congenital neck masses?

Any swollen area of lump (cyst) located on the neck can be classified as a congenital neck mass. They can be large and physically disturbing, or barely noticeable to the naked eye.

What causes congenital neck masses? 

Congenital means the neck masses are present at birth. They have a variety of causes. In some cases, parts of the body do not develop normally and lead to the masses. They can also occur as a side effect of other diseases, such as cancer, bacterial infections, viral infections or other causes.

What are the symptoms of congenital neck masses? 

Some congenital neck masses cause no symptoms whatsoever. Other can become quite painful or even restrict the movement of the head and neck.

What are congenital neck mass care options?

Minor masses that aren’t causing any symptoms may not require treatment. If the mass is larger, causing symptoms or become infected, surgical removal of the mass is the likely form of treatment.

Reviewed by: Yamilet Tirado, MD

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:10:30 PM

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