Also known as: keratoma, chronic ear infection.

What is cholesteatoma?

If an unusual growth of skin is present in the middle ear, right behind the eardrum, this is often known as a cholesteatoma. Over time, it can lead to a number of complications related to hearing, as well as other health issues.

What causes cholesteatoma?

A combination of a couple of factors can cause cholesteatoma to occur. The first is an ear infection, and the second is Eustachian tubes that do not work properly to equalize ear pressure. These two factors cause a vacuum to occur in the middle ear, where a growth of tissue occurs.

What are the symptoms of cholesteatoma?

Fluid drainage, a foul odor, ear pressure, hearing loss, dizziness, weakness of the facial muscles and other complications can occur over time.

What are cholesteatoma care options?

For mild problems related to cholesteatoma, an ear cleaning, antibiotics and ear drops can help with the symptoms. Often surgery is necessary to correct the problems related to cholesteatoma.

Reviewed by: Brian Ho, MD

This page was last updated on: 3/23/2018 2:10:27 PM

From the Newsdesk

Meet Sandeep Davé, MD - The Division of Otolaryngology (ENT) at Nicklaus Children's Hospital
Dr. Davé is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. He is chief of the PSA Section of Otolaryngology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Dr. Davé sees patients at Nicklaus Children's Hospital. 
Pediatric Neurosurgeon and Chief of Surgery for Nicklaus Children’s Passes Away
The medical staff, employees and volunteers of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital mourn the passing of our esteemed Dr. Sanjiv Bhatia, a longstanding leader and dedicated champion for children with complex medical conditions and their families.