Autoimmune Diseases

What are autoimmune diseases?

An autoimmune disease occurs when the body’s immune system (the body's natural defense system against bacteria, viruses and other foreign invaders) mistakenly attacks its own organs and tissues. There are a large number and a variety of different types (over 80) of autoimmune disease:

  1. “Organ or tissue-specific” damage,  like celiac disease and Crohn's disease-bowel; multiple sclerosis-brain/spinal cord; type 1 diabetes- pancreas and many others.

  2. “Systemic” which can cause damage widely throughout the body like lupus (SLE), or juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Girls are more likely (three times) to be affected particularly during adolescence.
 

What causes autoimmune diseases?

Risk factors include genetics and a family history of autoimmune disease, age with some disorders presenting in younger children, and gender.

 

What are the symptoms of autoimmune diseases?

Symptoms can vary widely depending on the nature and severity of the autoimmune disease that is present and can come and go.They can include fever, joint pain, skin problems, eye problems, fatigue, problems with certain body parts and a wide variety of other symptoms.
 

What are autoimmune disease care options?

Drugs that suppress the function of the immune system and ease symptoms include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (like ibuprofen), drugs like methotrexate (your Pediatrician will discuss with you which one is best for your child), biologicals, corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasmapheresis and surgery for certain complications. Physical and occupational therapy, psychotherapy and counseling are of benefit.


Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 3/1/2018 8:30:32 AM

From the Newsdesk

Meet Amy Feldman, MD - The Division of Allergy and Immunology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital
Dr. Feldman is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the multispecialty group practice of Nicklaus Children’s Health System. She is an allergist and immunologist within the Division of Allergy and Immunology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital. Dr. Feldman sees patients at the Nicklaus Children's Boynton Beach Care Center.
Nicklaus Children's Expands Pediatric Gastroenterology Services
The Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology at Nicklaus Children's is growing to better meet the needs of our community, we have opened a new office on the hospital's main campus!

Video

video
This video will teach you how to properly care for a gastrostomy tube. The video will review how to clean a gastrostomy tube site, how to give a feedings and what to do if the tube becomes dislodged.