Vomiting

Also known as: emesis, throwing up, barfing

What is vomiting?

Vomiting is a symptom, not a disease and describes the reflexive act of emptying the contents of the stomach up through the mouth. It’s frequently accompanied by a "sick to the stomach" feeling known as nausea.


What causes vomiting?

Infants/children vomit for a variety of medical and surgical reasons depending on the age of the infant/child.
Infants frequently spit up small amounts of food after a meal (particularly when being "burped"). Vomiting may occur because of too rapid feeding, air swallowing or over feeding. The most common causes in infants are a viral infection of the gut (gastroenteritis- also known as stomach flu), gastroesophageal reflux, pyloric stenosis and bowel obstruction due to variety of bowel abnormalities. There are many other causes (metabolic disorders or infections in other parts of the body) which would need further investigation.
While in the older child acute viral gastritis/gastroenteritis is also common, bacterial and parasitic infections might be considered. In addition to other gastrointestinal causes of vomiting (food poisoning, food allergy, Peptic ulcers, appendicitis etc.) non-gastrointestinal causes include serious infections (sepsis, meningitis, appendicitis), injury or abnormalities of the brain, toxic ingestions (acetaminophen, alcohol, iron and others), motion sickness, migraine and others.


What are vomiting care options?

Treatment depends on the underlying cause. In general, initial management includes ensuring adequate oral fluid intake (preferably a solution containing electrolytes), and watching for signs of dehydration. If however vomiting goes on for a day or longer, consult with your doctor.

Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP

This page was last updated on: 5/1/2017 3:53:43 PM

From the Newsdesk

Nicklaus Children's Expands Pediatric Gastroenterology Services
The Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology at Nicklaus Children's is growing to better meet the needs of our community, we have opened a new office on the hospital's main campus!

Urgent Care Centers

Doral Urgent Care Center
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Wait Time: 14 Minutes

Palm Beach Gardens Urgent Care Center
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Miramar Urgent Care Center
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Wait Time: 21 Minutes

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West Kendall Urgent Care Center
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Palmetto Bay Urgent Care Center
17615 SW 97 Avenue
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West Bird Urgent Care Center
11449 SW 40 Street
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Wait Time: 26 Minutes

Main Campus Urgent Care Center
3100 SW 62 Avenue
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Wait Time: 11 Minutes

Golisano | Nicklaus Children's Health Center
3361 Pine Ridge Road
Naples, FL 34109
Wait Time: Closed

Hialeah Urgent Care Center
990 W 49th Street
Hialeah, FL 33012
Wait Time: 22 Minutes

Pinecrest Urgent Care Center
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Homestead Urgent Care Center
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