Intestinal Malrotation and Volvulus

Also known as: intestinal nonrotation, incomplete rotation.

What are intestinal malrotation and volvulus?

Intestinal malrotation is a defect that is present at birth. It occurs when the intestines do not rotate into the proper position as they are developing in the unborn fetus. One common complication of intestinal malrotation is known as volvulus, which is when the intestine twists in such a manner that it cuts off its own blood supply.
 

What causes intestinal malrotation and volvulus?

Intestinal malrotation and volvulus are defects that are present at birth. The exact reason that they occur is unknown.

 

What are the symptoms of intestinal malrotation and volvulus?

Symptoms of intestinal malrotation and volvulus can include abdominal pain and swelling, diarrhea, constipation, failure to thrive, rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, vomiting bile, and rectal bleeding.
 

What are intestinal malrotation and volvulus care options?

Surgery is typically required to repair the problems related to intestinal malrotation and volvulus

Reviewed by: John M. Peters, DO

This page was last updated on: 3/6/2018 8:01:58 AM

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Dr. Peters is employed by Pediatric Specialists of America (PSA), the physician-led group practice of Miami Children’s Health System. He sees patients at the Nicklaus Children's Palm Beach Gardens Outpatient Center and is the PSA Northern Regional Chief, Section of Gastroenterology.