Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
Also known as: CIPO, intestinal pseudo-obstruction11.
What is chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction?
In order for food to make its way through the digestive tract, it relies on a process of involuntary muscle contractions known as peristalsis. When peristalsis doesn’t work properly due to nerve or muscle problems, this is known as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.
What causes chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction?
Many cases of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction do not have a known cause. CIPO can also arise in conjunction with other medical/surgical conditions or medications that are associated with abnormal function of the nerves and muscles that control peristalsis.
What are the symptoms of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction?
Symptoms of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can include abdominal pain and cramping, constipation, vomiting, nausea, early fullness with meals, and trouble gaining weight.
What are chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction care options?
Some medications can help with the symptoms of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Dietary changes such as eating several small meals throughout the day rather than fewer, larger meals can also make a difference. In some instances, an opening (called an ostomy) may need to be created surgically to allow intestinal contents or stool to pass through the gastrointestinal tract more readily.
Reviewed by: John M. Peters, DO
This page was last updated on: 2/5/2018 4:03:30 PM
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