Head and Spine Trauma
Also known as: head and spine injuries, spinal cord injuries, spinal injuries, brain and spine trauma, head and neck injuries
What is head and spine trauma?
Head and spine trauma refer to injuries or accidents that affect an individual’s brain and/or spinal cord. Concussion of the brain is a common occurrence in children especially while playing contact sports. This can be very disabling. Such children may be seen in the Concussion Clinic. Other traumatic brain injuries include intracranial blood clots, diffuse brain injury and fractures. These patients are best managed in a center capable of taking care of sick children and may be need to be admitted to the intensive care unit. Spinal injuries are also common and their treatment will need intensive management in the ICU and surgical stabilization in some cases.
What causes head and spine trauma?
In small babies injury can result from violent shaking or jolting of the head. In older children head and spine trauma is typically caused by accidents due to falls, vehicle crashes, sports or other causes.
What are the symptoms of head and spine trauma?
Symptoms of head and spine trauma will vary widely depending on the nature and severity of the injury. Concerning symptoms (which may occur soon after the injury or hours later) include, confusion, loss of consciousness, nausea, vomiting, loss of movement or sensation, trouble with balance or walking, no bowel or bladder control or pain or pressure in the back, neck or head.
What are head and spine trauma care options?
Individuals who have experienced head and/or spine trauma should seek immediate medical care. In some cases, medications, surgery or stabilization techniques can help with healing. If the damage is severe, doctors can help with recovery and training to live with the disabilities that result from the injury.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: 8/7/2018 11:15:37 AM
Longevity in Sports Performance, Considerations from Elementary to Post Professional
This course will give the athletic trainer and physical therapist an overview of athletic development models and orthopedic/rehabilitative management of several conditions that influence athletic performance.
Weekly Support Programs
Participants will learn to optimize neurological potential across the developing age and care continuum, to provide other treatment modalities to optimize results, to provide options for our patients and families, to provide options for our patients and families, and more! Learn more.
From the Newsdesk
Pediatric orthopedic surgeon Dr. Monica Payares-Lizano attended the 72nd American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) Annual Meeting this month, joined by Nicklaus Children’s physical therapists Cheryl Gimenez, Elena Lopez-Trigo and Lisa Scher.
Seeing a baby boy intubated, hooked up to a maze of machines, and with IV pumps snaking out of his tiny arms is an incredibly heartbreaking and terrifying experience. The Nicklaus Children’s staff was not only caring and friendly, but knowledgeable and explained everything to us in detail. Meeting the neurosurgery team brought us great comfort because they were confident and calm—they won our trust immediately.