Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

Also known as: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, EDS.

What is Ehlers Danlos Syndrome?

Ehlers Danlos syndrome, or EDS, is a group of disorders which result in the formation of abnormal connective tissue (the supporting tissue for all organs, tissues and blood vessels, and is the tissue that forms a scar) which mostly results in changes in joints and skin. There are 13 types (which can vary in severity from mild to life-threatening) with “hypermobility” (double-jointedness) being the most common type.

What causes Ehlers Danlos syndrome?

Ehlers Danlos syndrome is caused by a genetic mutations ( one type from inheriting at least one abnormal gene from a parent-autosomal dominant inheritance). Different types of Ehlers Danlos syndrome are associated with a variety of different gene abnormalities.

What are the symptoms of Ehlers Danlos syndrome in children?

Though symptoms can vary based on the type of Ehlers Danlos syndrome that is present, there are several common symptoms. These include:

  • loose joints that flex more than they should and move past the normal range of motion (hypermobility) which can lead to joint dislocation and pain
  • Pale, smooth, stretchy skin that pulls away from the flesh and bruises easily, is fragile, heals poorly and can lead to thin, crinkly or gaping scars
  • A high palate with crowding of teeth
  • myalgia and arthralgias with early onset of osteoarthritis
  • muscle weakness

What are Ehlers Danlos syndrome treatments?

While there is no cure for Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, there are treatments which can help improve many of the symptoms. As symptoms vary, each child requires a treatment program that tailors to their specific problems.

Reviewed by: Dr. jack Wolfsdorf

This page was last updated on: March 20, 2019 04:09 PM