Brachial Plexopathy

Also known as: brachial plexus syndromes, brachial plexus injury, peripheral neuropathy

What is brachial plexopathy?

The brachial plexus is a nerve center found on each side of the neck. It’s the junction where nerve roots from the spinal cord branch out into the arms. When the brachial plexus becomes injured or damaged, this is known as brachial plexopathy.

What causes brachial plexopathy?

Direct damage to the nerves from an injury is the primary cause of brachial plexopathy. This can be due to damage that occurs during birth, inflammatory conditions such as a virus, general anesthesia or damage as a result of chemicals, drugs or toxins.

What are the symptoms of brachial plexopathy?

The primary symptoms of brachial plexopathy include nerve pain, loss of sensation in the arms or shoulders or a limited range of motion of the arms of shoulders.

How can brachial plexopathy affect children?

One of the most common causes of brachial plexopathy occurs in babies as they are being born. The damage is due to direct trauma to the shoulder as the baby attempts to pass through the birth canal. Two out of 10,000 babies will develop brachial plexopathy.

What are brachial plexopathy treatments?

Brachial plexopathy can be treated with physical therapy, splints and braces. Corticosteroids or surgery are also sometimes used. 

Reviewed by: Migvis Monduy, MD

This page was last updated on: 8/29/2019 2:46:17 PM

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