Conditions We Treat
Abdominal Wall Abnormalities
When an infant has a birth defect that involves an opening in the abdomen, this is known as an abdominal wall abnormality or abdominal wall defect.
Learn more about Abdominal Wall Abnormalities.
Learn more about Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome.
When a baby is born with a large mass or tumor on his or her neck, this is known as a cervical teratoma. These are often benign, or non-cancerous, but they can cause other complications. If they occur in adults, they are often cancerous.
Learn more about Cervical Teratoma.
Cleft Lip and/or Palate
A cleft lip and/or palate is characterized by the presence of a gap (split) in the lip and/or palate seen at birth when the tissues of the lip and/or palate don't come together at all, or come together only part of the way.
Learn more about Cleft Lip and/or Palate.
CLOVES syndrome is a very rare congenital disorder that is characterized by the presence of several problems together.
Learn more about CLOVES Syndrome.
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
The diaphragm is the muscular boundary that helps separate the contents of the chest from those of the abdomen. When there’s a hole within the diaphragm of a growing fetus while it’s in the mother’s womb, this is known as a congenital diaphragmatic hernia, or CDH.
Learn more about Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.
Congenital Hand Malformation
Any problem with the hands that develops in a fetus while it’s still in the uterus is known as a congenital hand malformation.
Learn more about Congenital Hand Malformation.
Congenital Heart Defects/Disease
Any unusual physical feature or health problem that is present at the birth of a baby is known as a birth defect or a congenital anomaly.
Learn more about Congenital Heart Defects/Disease.
Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome
Learn more about Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome.
Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (CPAM)
CPAM is one or more benign (non-cancerous) lumps (masses) or cysts of abnormal lung tissue usually prenatally diagnosed with US during pregnancy.
Learn more about Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (CPAM).
Craniofacial is a broad medical term that describes abnormalities of the bones of the skull and face.
Learn more about Craniofacial Abnormalities.
When a baby has craniosynostosis, however, one or more of the bones of the skull are joined together by bone prematurely, which lead to problems depending on which, and how many sutures may have closed early.
Learn more about Craniosynostosis.
Babies with down syndrome have an extra full or partial piece of chromosome 21, this causes a variety of physical abnormalities. It is the commonest chromosomal disorder in the USA.
Learn more about Down Syndrome.
An encephalocele is a rare disorder where the bones of a fetus’s skull do not close all the way resulting in a space through which the tissues surrounding the brain and brain tissue itself bulges.
Learn more about Encephalocele.
Gastroschisis and Omphalocele
Gastroschisis and omphalocele are both part of a relatively uncommon group of birth defects that involve an opening or hole in the abdominal wall, frequently on the right side of the belly button.
Learn more about Gastroschisis and Omphalocele.
Genetic diseases are conditions that occur due to a mutation in a gene ( a unit of hereditary ) in your body’s cells.
Learn more about Genetic Diseases.
If a baby is born with the tissue on one side of the face underdeveloped, this is known as hemifacial microsomia.
Learn more about Hemifacial Microsomia.
Hemolytic disease of the newborn is a condition that occurs when a mother’s blood type is not compatible with her unborn fetus.
Learn more about Hemolytic Disease.
Hydrocephalus is primarily an excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain.
Learn more about Hydrocephalus.
Hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice
Bilirubin is a yellow compound that forms when red blood cells are broken down. A newborn/premature baby breaks down their red cells faster and with a liver that's immature, cannot get rid of all the bilirubin produced. When this normally builds up, the baby's eyes and skin become yellow - this is called hyperbilirubinemia or jaundice.
Learn more about Hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice.
Inborn Errors of Metabolism
When a baby has trouble digesting certain foods and turning them into energy, it
could be due to inborn errors of metabolism.
Learn more about Inborn Errors of Metabolism.
Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis
Intestinal atresia, a type of birth defect, refers to a complete block in an area of the intestines of a baby. It occurs when the intestines aren’t formed properly.
Learn more about Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis.
A mediastinal teratoma is a large mass that grows in the area between the two lungs.
Learn more about Mediastinal Teratoma.
A myelomeningocele is a bulge or sac of the fluid that surround the spinal cord.
Learn more about Myelomeningocele.
Neural Tube Defects
A neural tube defect is a birth defect that occurs very early in the development of a fetus, often during the first month of pregnancy, where the brain, spinal cord and spinal column do not develop normally. In some children there is an open defect at birth which needs to be repaired within 24 hours while others may have a skin covered swelling which can be repaired more electively.
Learn more about Neural Tube Defects.
Neurogenetic and neurometabolic abnormalities are disorders that affect how the brain ( and/or other organs) function.
Learn more about Neurogenetic–Neurometabolic Abnormalities.
Periventricular leukomalacia is a brain disorder occurring in prematurely born babies which is characterized by brain damage with softening and death of the inner part of the brain.
Learn more about Periventricular Leukomalacia.
Pierre Robin Sequence
Common clinical characteristics of Pierre Robin Sequence are micrognathia (small lower jaw) or retrognathia (set back lower jaw), glossoptosis (displacement of the tongue to the back of the throat), and airway obstruction leading to difficulty with breathing.
Learn more about Pierre Robin Sequence.
A sacrococcygeal teratoma is a tumor containing a number of different tissues (fat, bone, nerves etc.) that is present at birth in the tailbone (coccyx) of the newborn baby.
Learn more about Sacrococcygeal Teratoma.
Please see Myelomeningocele for further information.
Treacher Collins is a genetic disorder that impacts how the face develops. Specifically, it can cause abnormal development of the jaws, ears, eyelids and cheekbones.
Learn more about Treacher Collins.
Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion
Twin reversed arterial perfusion is a rare disorder that sometimes occurs in identical twins that share a placenta, where one twin has a poor functioning cardiac system receives blood from the healthy twin.
Learn more about Twin Reversed Arterial Perfusion.
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding
Vitamin k plays an important role in blood clotting (coagulation); particularly being associated with coagulation factors V11, 1X, and X. When there is a lack of Vit k blood doesn't clot and bleeding results.
Learn more about Vitamin K deficiency bleeding.
Zika virus is an illness caused by infected mosquitoes. It occurs mostly in tropical areas but has recently made some appearances in the United States. It often causes no symptoms or mild symptoms but can be dangerous if pregnant women become infected.
Learn more about Zika Virus.