Congenital Heart Defects/Disease
Also known as: congenital abnormalities, congenital disorders
What are Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies?
Any unusual physical feature or health problem that is present at the birth of a baby is known as a birth defect or a congenital anomaly. They can range from mild to severe. Some can even threaten a baby's life and require immediate medical treatment.
What causes birth defects and congenital anomalies?
Birth defects may result from genetic or environmental factors. Sometimes the cause of birth defects is not known. In other instances, it's the result of the trait being passed down from family members, or an unusual characteristic in a child's genes. Environmental factors like smoking or drug use can also cause birth defects. Sometimes the defect is caused by a variety of factors.
What are the symptoms of birth defects and congenital anomalies?
The symptoms and severity of birth defects and congenital anomalies vary widely. Some, such as cleft lips, can be repaired with surgery. Others like Down syndrome and many others, cannot be cured.
What are birth defects and congenital anomalies care options?
Many birth defects, even severe heart defects, can be repaired with surgery shortly after birth. Supportive care is available for other defects that cannot be cured.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 04:35 PM
August 10, 2018 – Children with congenital heart defects may require special precautions before dental cleanings and treatment.
Learn more about
Whenever a child fails to reach a set of developmental milestone for physical/motor, in language and communication, social, or behavioral function, and/or cognitive ability at their expected time, it's known as developmental delay.
Interruption of the Aortic Arch (IAA)
When blood flow is cut off at any point along the aorta, it is known as interruption of the aortic arch or an interrupted aortic arch (IAA).
An echo uses sound waves to create pictures of your heart’s chambers, valves, walls and the blood vessels (aorta, arteries, veins) attached to your heart.
A Computed Tomography (CT scan) is a medical imaging tes which combines taking multiple X-ray pictures of the inside of the body. Nicklaus Children's utilizes a low dose radiation CT Scanner.