Congenital Heart Defects/Disease
Also known as: congenital abnormalities, congenital disorders
What are Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies?
Any unusual physical feature or health problem that is present at the birth of a baby is known as a birth defect or a congenital anomaly. They can range from mild to severe. Some can even threaten a baby's life and require immediate medical treatment.
What causes birth defects and congenital anomalies?
Birth defects may result from genetic or environmental factors. Sometimes the cause of birth defects is not known. In other instances, it's the result of the trait being passed down from family members, or an unusual characteristic in a child's genes. Environmental factors like smoking or drug use can also cause birth defects. Sometimes the defect is caused by a variety of factors.
What are the symptoms of birth defects and congenital anomalies?
The symptoms and severity of birth defects and congenital anomalies vary widely. Some, such as cleft lips, can be repaired with surgery. Others like Down syndrome and many others, cannot be cured.
What are birth defects and congenital anomalies care options?
Many birth defects, even severe heart defects, can be repaired with surgery shortly after birth. Supportive care is available for other defects that cannot be cured.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:00 PM
Children with congenital heart defects may require special precautions before dental cleanings and treatment.
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In this very rare heart abnormality, the main pulmonary artery and one branch, typically the left, are found in the correct position, however the right one comes out of the ascending aorta.
Oculo-Auriculo-Vertebral Spectrum (OAVS)
If a baby is born with the tissue on one side of the face underdeveloped, this is known as OAVS.
Holter monitoring is a test that monitors and records your heartbeat for 24 to 48 hours. It’s typically used to gain more information about an abnormal heart rhythm and determine how long and how frequently the episodes last.
Balloon and Stent Angioplasty
Balloon angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure used to restore the flow of blood through blocked or narrow vessels. It is performed using a catheter, is less invasive than surgery, and in some instances more effective, such as in vessels that cannot be easily reached by the surgeon.