Congenital Heart Defects/Disease
Also known as: congenital abnormalities, congenital disorders
What are Birth Defects and Congenital Anomalies?
Any unusual physical feature or health problem that is present at the birth of a baby is known as a birth defect or a congenital anomaly. They can range from mild to severe. Some can even threaten a baby's life and require immediate medical treatment.
What causes birth defects and congenital anomalies?
Birth defects may result from genetic or environmental factors. Sometimes the cause of birth defects is not known. In other instances, it's the result of the trait being passed down from family members, or an unusual characteristic in a child's genes. Environmental factors like smoking or drug use can also cause birth defects. Sometimes the defect is caused by a variety of factors.
What are the symptoms of birth defects and congenital anomalies?
The symptoms and severity of birth defects and congenital anomalies vary widely. Some, such as cleft lips, can be repaired with surgery. Others like Down syndrome and many others, cannot be cured.
What are birth defects and congenital anomalies care options?
Many birth defects, even severe heart defects, can be repaired with surgery shortly after birth. Supportive care is available for other defects that cannot be cured.
Reviewed by: Jack Wolfsdorf, MD, FAAP
This page was last updated on: September 09, 2020 11:10 AM
Children with congenital heart defects may require special precautions before dental cleanings and treatment.
Weekly Support Programs
This program is provided by a certified yoga instructor. It offers children and teens the following benefits: managing stress through breathing, self-awareness, healthy movement and meditation. Yoga also promotes strength, flexibility, coordination and body awareness.
Learn more about
Learning Disorders and Disabilities
Learning disabilities and disorders are brain based processing difficulties which interfere with learning skills like reading, writing and doing mathematics. Children with learning disorders usually have normal intellectual ability.
Whenever a child fails to reach a set of developmental milestone for physical/motor, in language and communication, social, or behavioral function, and/or cognitive ability at their expected time, it's known as developmental delay.
Balloon and Stent Angioplasty
Balloon angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure used to restore the flow of blood through blocked or narrow vessels. It is performed using a catheter, is less invasive than surgery, and in some instances more effective, such as in vessels that cannot be easily reached by the surgeon.
Holter monitoring is a test that monitors and records your heartbeat for 24 to 48 hours. It’s typically used to gain more information about an abnormal heart rhythm and determine how long and how frequently the episodes last.