Birthmarks and Vascular Lesions in Children
The International Birthmark Institute offers evaluation, treatment and management of all birthmarks and vascular lesions in infants and children such as:
Angiokeratomas are small dark red to purple raised spots and come in several types. They may also have a rough scaly surface.
Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are defects of the circulatory system that are thought to arise during embryonic or fetal development or soon after birth.
Ataxia telangectasia (A-T) is a rare, degenerative disorder affecting the part of the brain that controls motor skills, balance, and speech.
Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS) is a rare condition with hamartomatous polyps of the small and large intestines.
Cobb syndrome is a rare, non-inherited disorder characterized by visible skin lesions with underlying spinal angiomas or arteriovenous malformations (AVM).
Cutis Marmorta Telangiectatica Congentia (CMTC)
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is an uncommonly reported, sporadic, congenital cutaneous disorder. It often reported in association with a variety of other congenital anomalies and affects the skin.
A glomus tumor or glomangioma is a rare, benign growth of blood vessels which can develop in both adults and children.
Gorham syndrome is a rare condition involving gradual bone loss that can affect one or more bones.
Hemangiomas of Infancy
Hemangiomas of infancy are the most common vascular tumors in infants.
A hemangiopericytoma is a very rare soft tissue mass due to overgrowth of capillaries that is almost always benign.
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a rare, rapidly growing mass of blood vessels that may be present at birth or develop during infancy.
Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) is also known as “hemangiomas with thrombocytopenia.”
It is a combination of hemangioma, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy.
Klippel-Trenaunay and Parkes-Weber Syndrome
This is a rare congenital medical condition of abnormal blood and lymph vessel formation, cutaneous capillary malformation, and skeletal or soft tissue hypertrophy.
A lymphatic malformation is a mass in the head or neck that results from an abnormal formation of lymphatic vessels.
Maffucci syndrome is a rare genetic disorder of unknown cause characterized by benign enlargements of cartilage, bone deformities, and dark, irregularly shaped hemangiomas.
A NICH or non-involuting congenital hemangioma is a rare growth of blood vessels that is completely formed at birth.
PELVIS syndrome is used for the association of lumbosacral or genital area hemangiomas
PHACE syndrome is a term used to describe a special type of hemangioma that usually covers a segmental area of the body.
Port Wine Stain (PWS) Birthmarks
A port wine stain or PWS is one of the more common birthmarks related to blood vessel growth.
Proteus syndrome is a congenital disorder that causes an overgrowth of tissue.
Pyogenic granuloma is a relatively common skin growth that presents as a shiny red mass.
A RICH or rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma is a rare growth of blood vessels that is completely formed at birth.
Salmon patches, often called stork bites or angel kisses, are common birthmarks seen in almost one-third of infants.
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
This is a rare congenital disorder associated with a port-wine stain birthmark on the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disabilities, and arteriovenous malformations of the brain.
A tufted angioma is a rare, benign growth of blood vessels that develops during infancy and childhood with most appearing before the age of five.
Venous malformations are benign birthmarks due to malformed and stretched out veins.