Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
Also known as: SWS
What is Sturge-Weber syndrome?
This is a rare congenital disorder associated with a port-wine stain birthmark on the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disabilities, and arteriovenous malformations of the brain. The brain is usually affected on the same side of the head as the birthmark.
What are the signs and symptoms of Sturge-Weber syndrome?
The syndrome may be diagnosed at birth by seizures accompanied by a large port-wine stain birthmark (light pink to deep purple) on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face, due to an overabundance of capillaries. Some children will also have intellectual disabilities, muscle weakness, and about 50% will have glaucoma.
What are the treatment options for Sturge-Weber syndrome?
Treatment for the Sturge-Weber is symptomatic, with laser treatment used to lighten or remove the birthmark, anticonvulsants to control seizures, physical therapy to strengthen muscles, and yearly ophthalmology monitoring for glaucoma.
This page was last updated on: July 29, 2021 01:18 PM
Virtual 3rd Annual Vascular Birthmarks Meeting
Date: Saturday, November 13, 2021
Learn more about the diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of vascular birthmarks in children and adolescents.
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Glaucoma is a condition that occurs due to high pressure in the eye and damage to the optic nerve. It leads to vision problems, eye pain, redness and can ultimately cause blindness with time.
Port Wine Stain (PWS) Birthmarks
A port wine stain or PWS is one of the more common birthmarks related to blood vessel growth.