Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)

Also known as: SWS

What is Sturge-Weber Syndrome?

This is a rare congenital disorder associated with a Port-Wine Stain birthmark on the face, glaucoma, seizures, intellectual disabilities, and arteriovenous malformations of the brain.

The brain is usually affected on the same side of the head as the birthmark. The syndrome may be diagnosed at birth by seizures accompanied by a large Port-Wine Stain birthmark (light pink to deep purple) on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face, due to an overabundance of capillaries. Some children will also have intellectual disabilities, muscle weakness, and about 50% will have glaucoma.

Treatment for Sturge-Weber Syndrome

Treatment for the Sturge-Weber is symptomatic, with laser treatment used to lighten or remove the birthmark, anticonvulsants to control seizures, physical therapy to strengthen muscles, and yearly ophthalmology monitoring for glaucoma. Prognosis is worse for children who develop neurological symptoms before age 2.

This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:00 PM

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