Cerebral Palsy in Children & Pediatric Movement Disorders
Spasticity and Movement Disorders Program
The Spasticity and Movement Disorders Program at Nicklaus Children's provides comprehensive care for children with neurological conditions that affect movement in a multidisciplinary clinic setting, including cerebral palsy. Common symptoms of these conditions include spasticity (stiff or tight muscles) and weakness.
The Importance of a Team Approach to Care
The Spasticity and Movement Disorders Program at Nicklaus Children's Hospital, formerly Miami Children's Hospital, brings together specialists in neurology, neurosurgery, orthopedics, reconstructive surgery, a clinical nurse specialist, psychologist and physical/occupational and speech-language therapists.
Advanced Treatment for Children with Cerebral Palsy and Movement Disorders
These team members provide advanced medical treatments such as selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR), baclofen pump insertion, and orthopedic procedures to correct deformities.
The objectives of the Spasticity and Movement Disorder Program at Nicklaus Children's Hospital are to prevent the development and treat mechanically unbalanced joints in children with spasticity to improve functional performance and foster a more independent lifestyle.
The Initial Evaluation
Initial evaluation of patients, ages birth to 21 years of age, is conducted by a pediatric neurologist. The goals are:
- Verify the diagnosis
- Assess the severity of the condition
- Determine the need for diagnostic tests and consultations
- Establish specific short- and long-term goals with patients and parents
- Plan therapeutic modalities and tests for monitoring effectiveness
- Treatment of Cerebral Palsy
- Management of patients with cerebral palsy may include:
- Physical, occupational and speech-language therapies
- Orthotic devices to promote optimal posture
- Prescribed medications to reduce spasticity and movement disorders
- Orthopedic surgical procedures to reduce spasticity and promote appropriate movement