Pediatric Spine Disorders and Syndromes

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The Scoliosis and Spine Disorders program treats a full range of pediatric spine conditions, including:


While levoscoliosis refers to the left-curving spine, dextroscoliosis is a spine that curves to the right. It’s the more common form of scoliosis.

Disc Herniation

Please see Spinal Cord Injury for further information.

Idiopathic Scoliosis

Of the many different types of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis is the most common.

Jarcho-Levin Syndrome

Jarcho-Levin syndrome is a disorder that causes problems with the bones of the spine and ribs.

Klippel-Feil Syndrome

Klippel-Feil syndrome is a genetic disorder of the spine that is present at birth, it presents with two or more vertebrae in the upper spinal column fused together,


Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture.

Larsen Syndrome

Larsen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that babies can be born with. Common symptoms of Larsen syndrome include clubfeet, scoliosis, hypermobility and other abnormalities.


The lumbar is the lower portion of the spine. When it curves inward, this state is known as lordosis.

McCune-Albright Syndrome

McCune-Albright syndrome is a genetic disorder that impacts the bones, skin and endocrine system.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

When the curvature is caused by problems related to the spinal cord, the brain or the muscles of the body, it can be classified as neuromuscular scoliosis.

Postural Kyphosis

Kyphosis refers to a forward curve of the spine when it is viewed from the side.


Scoliosis is a common condition that affects many children and adolescents. Simply put, it is a curvature of the spine.

Spinal Asymmetry

Spinal asymmetry is a common condition that affects many children and adolescents. Simply put, it is a curvature of the spine.

Spinal Cord Tumors

A tumor that grows in the tissues around, or spreads from a different site to the spinal cord region, it is known as a spinal cord tumor.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

Spinal muscular atrophy is a rare degenerative disorder in which the nerve cells in the upper and lower parts of the spinal cord don’t function normally, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness.

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

When a teen or teen athlete has lower back pain, a common cause is spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis.

Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome

TIS is a rare congenital and complex condition that involves chest wall abnormalities which prevent normal lung growth or breathing.

VATER Syndrome

VATER syndrome refers to several birth defects that frequently occur in conjunction with one another. The letters stand for vertebrae, anus, trachea, esophagus and renal.