What is Scoliosis?
The spine has a natural "S" curve when viewed from the side. The spine is straight when seen from the back. Scoliosis in children may be present when the spine develops curves to the left or right. Below are some scoliosis facts that can help you learn about scoliosis symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment.
Who is at risk for scoliosis?
Approximately one to two percent of children ages 9 to 14 are diagnosed with scoliosis. Anyone can be affected by scoliosis, however, the likelihood of developing scoliosis is somewhat greater for children whose parents or siblings have the condition.
What are scoliosis symptoms and how is it diagnosed?
The first symptom of scoliosis in children is often uneven shoulders or a protruding shoulder blade that is visible when bending at the waist. If you note this, primary care evaluation is appropriate.
Another scoliosis symptom children may experience is back pain, due to the curving of the spine to the right or left. Early scoliosis symptoms also include uneven shoulders and a protruding shoulder blade. The physician will check for both of these symptoms. If scoliosis is suspected, an X-ray examination can determine the extent of the condition.
What are the consequences of not diagnosing and treating scoliosis?
Children living with scoliosis may experience back pain. In severe cases, scoliosis in children may even result in difficulty breathing, decreased height and lowered self-esteem.
What are scoliosis treatments?
Scoliosis treatments for children depend on the degree of curvature.
- Children with mild curvatures (less than 25 degrees) may require only regular examinations to follow the progression of the disease. Choosing this method of scoliosis treatment depends partially on the age of the patient.
- Children with curves from 25 to 30 degrees or who have curves of 20 degrees or more and are still growing may be treated with a brace. The brace is made to meet the individual patient's needs and stop a curve from progressing.
- If the curve progresses to 45 degrees and has the potential to grow worse, spinal fusion surgery may be recommended.
Reviewed by: Stephen G George, MD
This page was last updated on: September 09, 2020 11:09 AM
Learn more about
Back Pain in Children
Back pain in children is most commonly related to an injury, a muscle strain, overuse of the back or some combination of these causes.
Congenital Spine Anomalies
Congenital deformities of the spine are usually identified at birth. Many are minor bony abnormalities that cause no problem and are only found during X-rays done for other reasons.
A scoliosis brace is a non-surgical treatment for scoliosis, or curvature of the spine. It consists of a plastic jacket that wraps around the torso, stretching from the arms to the hips. Straps keep the brace in place as it works at straightening the spine or preventing the curve from getting worse.
Spinal Fusion Surgery
Spinal fusion surgery helps to stop the progression of curving of the spine, known as scoliosis. The surgery helps to not only straighten the curve, but can improve children’s posture, fit of clothing, prevent back pain, and minimize other side effects of scoliosis.