Candidates for ECMO

ECMO is necessary for children and adults with severe, reversible lung and/or heart disease which are not responding to the standards of treatment. These standard forms of treatment include: mechanical ventilation, increased oxygenation and medications. Patients with severe heart failure prior to or following heart surgery would be candidates for ECMO. Even though ECMO is not a treatment, it can provide the time needed to allow the heart and lungs to improve with rest.

ECMO is used to help babies with a wide variety of medical challenges, including:

ECMO is also used for older children suffering from the following conditions:

  • Post-op Cardiac Repair
  • Myocarditis
  • Sepsis
  • Pneumonia
  • Aspiration Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Near Drowning
  • Hydrocarbon Ingestion (lighter fluid, turpentine)

In adults, ECMO may be indicated for:

  • Underlying disease with reasonable likelihood of reversal
  • Septic Shock
  • Pneumonia
  • Pulmonary Failure