Asthma in Children
Also known as: allergic asthma, occupational asthma, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), exercise-induced asthma (EIA).
What is asthma?
Asthma is a breathing disorder that involves the airways becoming inflamed. This causes the muscles around the airways to tighten and swell and cause trouble breathing. It’s usually the result of some form of “trigger” that causes the asthma episode.
What causes asthma?
Asthma can occur for a number of reasons. Some people have allergic asthma, where an allergen like dust, mold or pollen triggers asthma. Viral respiratory infections are a frequent triggering factor. Exercise-induced asthma is another form, where exertion from exercise leads to breathing problems.
What are the signs and symptoms of asthma?
The warning signs and symptoms for asthma include:
- Chest tightness and pain
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing and wheezing
- Difficulty sleeping
What are asthma care options?
Asthma can be managed with a combination of controller and quick-relief (or rescue) medications. Controller medications can be pills or inhalers that people take daily to manage.
Reviewed by: Antonio M Rodriguez, MD
This page was last updated on: December 18, 2020 05:07 PM
The medications that an asthmatic child uses could have effects on the oral mucosa.
This video will teach you what asthma is, what symptoms your child will experience during an asthma attack, different asthma triggers, and what medications are used to treat asthma.
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Growing children and adolescents normally gain weight and height each year and the path that they follow is measured by weight and height charts (growth charts) which define the normal range for each age and sex. The Body Mass Index (BMI) takes into account whether a child’s weight falls within the normal range taking into account his/her height, age and sex. While there a number of ways to define obesity, the BMI is widely used to measure obesity (a BMI greater than the normal range for age, sex and height).