Conditions We Treat

The program treats a full range of pediatric spine conditions, including:

Congenital Spine Anomalies

Congenital deformities of the spine are usually identified at birth. Many are minor bony abnormalities that cause no problem and are only found during X-rays done for other reasons. Learn more


Scoliosis is a condition that causes a sideways curvature of the spine. While levoscoliosis refers to the left-curving spine, dextroscoliosis is a spine that curves to the right. It’s the more common form of scoliosis. Learn more

Disc Herniation

Please see Spinal Cord Injury for further information.

Idiopathic Scoliosis

When the spine begins to curve sideways rather than being straight, this medical condition is known as scoliosis. Of the many different types of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis is the most common. Learn more

Jarcho-Levin Syndrome

Jarcho-Levin syndrome is a disorder that causes problems with the bones of the spine and ribs. Learn more

Klippel-Feil Syndrome

Klippel-Feil syndrome is a genetic disorder of the spine that is present at birth. Learn more


Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture. Learn more

Larsen Syndrome

Larsen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that babies can be born with. It primarily affects the structure and development of bones, but it can vary widely in its presentation. Common symptoms of Larsen syndrome include clubfeet, scoliosis, a greater range of joint movement than usual (hypermobility) and other abnormalities. Learn more


The lumbar is the lower portion of the spine. When it curves inward, this state is known as lordosis. Learn more


Neurofibromatosis is a medical term that refers to a group of three unique but related disorders of the nervous system: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and schwannomatosis. Learn more

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

When the curvature is caused by problems related to the spinal cord, the brain or the muscles of the body, it can be classified as neuromuscular scoliosis. Learn more


Scoliosis in children may be present when the spine develops curves to the left or right. The first symptom of scoliosis in children is often uneven shoulders or a protruding shoulder blade that is visible when bending at the waist. Learn more

Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord is a group of nerves that run down the back of a person that carries messages from the brain to the rest of the body. Acute spinal cord injury in children is fairly uncommon, frequently occurs in adolescents/ young adults and are often male. Learn more

Spinal Cord Tumors

If a tumor grows within (~ 10%), in the tissues around, or spreads from a different site to the spinal cord region, it is known as a spinal cord tumor. Learn more

Spinal Deformity

Any condition related to the spine curved or curved too much or too litte may be classified as a spinal deformity. This may include scoliosis, kyphosis and other medical conditions. Learn more

Spinal Infections

When a teen athlete has lower back pain, the most common causes are the spinal infections spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis. Learn more

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

Spinal muscular atrophy is a rare degenerative disorder in which the nerve cells in the upper and lower parts of the spinal cord don’t function normally, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness. Learn more


Please see Spinal Infections for further information.


Please see Spinal Infections for further information.

Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome

The thorax is the portion of the body between the neck and abdomen that includes the spine, and ribs, sternum (breastbone), the chest wall (rib cage), and lungs. TIS is a rare congenital (before birth) complex condition that involves chest wall abnormalities which prevent normal lung growth or breathing. Learn more