The Division of Neurosurgery offers state of the art surgical management of disorders of the nervous system including:
When a person has an abnormal pituitary, it produces either too much or too little of a particular hormone, which can lead to a number of other disorders.
Astrocytes cells are a diverse group of cells which play many roles in the brain, but particularly form the physical and physiological supportive system for the brain’s neurons. Astrocytomas are tumors that grow from these cells and make up almost 50% of childhood brain tumors, frequently occurring in children between 5-9 years of age.
Arachnoid cysts are fluid filled sacs or cavities of surrounding cells and collagen, that appear on the arachnoid membrane and can present in many locations on the brain and/or spinal cord.
The typical flow of blood through the body involves blood passing from the arteries to the smaller capillaries before entering the veins. When an arteriovenous fistula is present, the blood passes directly from the high-pressure fast-flowing arteries to the veins which are normally only exposed to a low pressure from the capillaries.
The brachial plexus is a sub-network of peripheral nerves that originate in the neck region and branch off to control movement and sensation in the shoulders, arm, forearm and hand.
A brain abscess is a localized brain infection where the material from the inflammation ( pus and cells ) has collected and been walled off.
A brain tumor is the growth of abnormal cells in the brain or near the brain.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder affecting a child’s ability to move in a coordinated manner.
The choroid plexus is the tissue that lies in the cavities of the brain (called ventricles and there are four of them) that creates the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid) which surrounds and cushions the brain and spinal cord.
When a baby has craniosynostosis, however, one or more of the bones of the skull are joined together by bone prematurely, which may lead to problems depending on which, and how many sutures have closed early.
Childhood epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes an infant or a child to have repeated seizures over time.
Glioblastoma multiforme are high-grade 1V, aggressively growing, cancerous glial tumors which infiltrate into healthy adjacent brain tissue, frequently occurring in both boys and girls aged 5-10 years.
A Hamartoma is a benign, or noncancerous tumor. It is a mixture of normal tissues/cells that grow abnormally in the place where the tissue/cells normally are found.
Head and spine trauma refer to injuries or accidents that affect an individual’s brain and/or spinal cord.
Hydrocephalus is primarily an excessive accumulation of fluid in the brain. This excess of cerebrospinal fluid accumulation causes the fluid spaces of the brain to enlarge. The cause is not well understood but can be congenital or acquired in nature.
Inflammation is the process that the body uses to respond to an infection or irritating process.
When a child has a head circumference that is larger than normal (for the infant's gestational age, age, sex and race), the medical term is macrocephaly.
Moyamoya disease is a rare disease, frequently seen in children, that causes the blood vessels in the neck to narrow.
A myelomeningocele is a bulge or sac of the fluid that surround the spinal cord.
A neural tube defect is a birth defect that occurs very early in the development of a fetus, often during the first month of pregnancy, where the brain, spinal cord and spinal column do not develop normally.
When peripheral nerves get injured, they can cause a variety of problems in the parts of the body that those nerves serve.
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is a rare brain tumor that grows in the upper parts of the brain (cerebral hemispheres) from brain cells called astrocytes (a type of glioma), which form the brain’s supportive and nutritional network.
"Pseudotumor cerebri" is a medical term that physicians use to describe a chronic increase in pressure in the skull and around the brain that occurs for no apparent reason.
Spasticity is one form of movement disorder, that presents as increased tone or stiffness of the muscles that causes an inability to produce and control bodily movements.
If a tumor grows within (~ 10%), in the tissues around, or spreads from a different site to the spinal cord region, it is known as a spinal cord tumor.
Syringomyelia is a rare chronic condition where fluid forms a cyst (syrinx) in the spinal cord.
Vascular malformations are congenital lesions, resulting from abnormal development of arteries, veins or lymphatic system vessels.